Dec 26, 2017
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Here are a handful of our Great Great Grandparents Roy discovered thanks in most part to Halfdan Helgason in Iceland.
About 5,000+ other great grandparents now in Roy's Family Tree 2011 database, which was only possible thanks to Halfdan Helgason and his predecessors in Iceland creating a half-million entries in their database.
Iceland has a "disconnect" to Canada and America. Their branches stop after the 1880's departures, and do NOT connect us to Iceland. For six years, Roy has connected all of his branches to their Icelandic branches dating back to the Sagas, or their previous homelands. Only data back to the 1800's is fairly reliable. countries, kings, religions, scibes, skewed some facts in their favor, wanting so in so to be a native of their land..
Hope the following brings to life some of our ancestors for you. Many are in the Sagas waiting to be rediscovered.

Many in the the family were either a King or Queen, Princess or Petty King (ruler of small section, more like a Governor), many were Chieftains and priests (some were both to have more control), Lawspeakers, District Magistrates, Sheriffs or High or low nobility, who were forced out of Norway and Sweden by King Harald the FairHair, 1st king over all of Norway and many Petty Kings of the time. UPDATE: Researching arguments regarding this. Most connected to Sofia Gudbrandsdottir and Sigurdur Christopherson.
UPDATE FEB 2012: Researching the British Royal Family on articles that the Queen mum herself refuses to drink milk due to GMO's. Thanks to Alex Jones for continuing education on world history and politics. It turns out to be true.

85% of our grandparents were Farmers. Some Priests or learned men, like Argrimur Jonsson. Hard to verify relations prior to 1812, however, out of many cultures, the Icelanders did one of the best jobs to re-tell the story of their ancestors. Just that some embellished after a few generations. Keep in mind the farther back you go, the more the majority of Icelanders and us Americans as descendants are related to settlers like Ingolfur Arnarson. Of course, fewer could say they are a Paternal (direct male descendant) of Ingolfur Arnarson. See lineage under Reports Page for more. Here is the Relation Chart. Roy likes to joke that we once owned 1/2 of Iceland thru Ingolfur.
Back to the Beginning
Roy's Great Uncle Kristjan Oliver Einarson (RIGHT) in 1954, wrote out a few branches in Icelandic, while visiting Iceland.
The photo to the right was taken 1938. Perhaps to/from Iceland, perhaps the very same year of 1954 if Roy's mother miss-marked it. Since Roy has few pictures of Chris at this age, hard to say. Perhaps his children know?

This list of names scribbled out from Icelandic records was painstakingly rewritten by Emily Enns and passed on to Roy. Most on the list were nothing except 1st names and their attribute, such as Fair Hair. These were the opposite of what they were like, as King FairHair was said not to cut his hair and would have been a long tangled mess.

It was the name "Hveitbeinn" which Roy translated into White Bone. This was the key to unlocking everything! That is why Roy has placed Great Uncle Chris' photo here. To give him credit for making Roy's start into genealogy a LOT easier. That and all of Emily 'Einarson' Enns work on 40+ pages of Einarson family trees, done a long time ago on a typewriter. Plus countless generations of Sagas, and Halfdan Helgason. How our generation has become spoiled. wink wink. Roy imagines that if we do not blow each other up with W.M.D.'s, that in a couple geneations they will look back on how primiative our computer and internet was. By then, probably integrated into entire house with wall size screens all interfaced with voice, hand motions and such.

Looking under the Swede Family list, back around 2007, Roy found Olaf HvitBein.
Then listing all the Kings of Norway, the names started to match the list.
Looking up Hvit and Bein in Norwegian online dictionary, it means White Bone which this story connects to his name.
Possible Uncle Chris added an extra 'N', or many other possibilities.

Roy's Great Uncle Kristjan Oliver Einarson
IMG_SCAN_1333 Kristjan O. Einarson 1938

King FairHair
King FairHair

King FairHair

King Harald the FairHair Stamp

Law Speaker
Law Speaker

Iceland Coat of Arms
Icelands Coat of Arms
Artwork enhanced by Roy Christopherson
from wiki commons
The Icelandic Coat of Arms is a silver cross in a sky-blue field with a fiery red cross in the silver one. There are four shield bearers, Iceland's old guardian spirits mentioned in Heimskringla (A History of the Kings of Norway) by Snorri Sturluson (1179-1241): a bull on the left of the shield, a giant to the right, a bird of prey on the top left and a dragon on the top right. The shield rests on a slab of basalt.

BINGO! the names started to match.


Regarding 1954 Translated document (Right Image), written by Kristjan O. Einarson.
Rewritten by Emily Enns.
Below explains what Great Uncle Chris wrote down, it was Old Norse. beinn = bone
NOTE: (Old Norse: Halfdan hvÌtbeinn)


1954 Translation Document
Click document to Enlarge
Halfdan Whitebone New Northvegr Center and richardchapin1 on 5 Mar 2007

Of The Kings of the Uplands
1: Concerning King Olaf the Tree-Feller
Olaf, the son of Ingjald the Ill-Advised, king in Sweden, cleared Vermaland. He was called Olaf the Tree-Feller. He was fostered in West Gautland by a man named Bofi. Bofi's son was named Saxi, who was called the Plunderer. Olaf's mother was Gauthild, the daughter of King Algaut, who was the son of King Gautrek the Mild, son of Gaut, after whom Gautland is named. Alof was the mother of Gauthild, daughter of King Olaf the Clear-Sighted, king in Naeriki. At that time, Ivar Widegrasp had conquered all Denmark and Sweden, and so Olaf and a great multitude of his folk fled, and were proclaimed outlaws by King Ivar. They went north to Vaeni, and cleared the forests and settled in a large area that they called Vermaland, and the Swedes elected Olaf the Tree-Feller, and he was their king until old age. His wife was named Solva. She was the sister of Solvi the Old, who first cleared the Soley Isles. Olaf and Solva had two sons, one named Ingjald, and the other Halfdan. Ingjald was king in Vermaland after his father, but Halfdan was fostered in the Soley Isles by Solva, his uncle. He was called Halfdan Whitebone. He was king in the Soleys after King Solvi. He married Asa, daughter of Eystein the Ill-advised, king in Heid. This Eystein conquered the Eynafylki in Trondheim, and gave them his hound for king, who was named Sorr; Sorshaug is named after him. Halfdan and Asa had two sons, Eystein and Gudrod. Halfdan Whitebone took Raumariki and much of Heidmark. He died in Thotni, and was taken to Heidmark and buried there.

2: Concerning Halfdan Whitebone's Descendants
Gudrod, Halfdan's son, was king in Heidmark after his father. His son was Helgi, father of Ingjald, father of Olaf the White, who married Unn the Deep-Minded, daughter of Ketil Faltnose. Their son was Thorsteinn the Red, who was an earl in Scotland and fell there. Eystein, son of Halfdan Whitebone, was king in Raumariki. He married the daughter of Eirik Agnarsson, who was king in Vestfold. Eirik had no son. Agnarr, Eirik's father, was son of King Sigtrygg of Vindli. King Eystein fell overboard, and drowned in the boatyard in the sound. His son was named Halfdan, and he took the kingdom after him.

He surrounded himself with powerful men and great warriors, giving out gold to his henchmen as other men gave silver, but he was hesitant to provide his men with food. He was called Halfdan the Mild but Miserly with Meat. He married Lifa, daughter of Dag, king of Vestmar. He died in Vestfold, and was buried there. Their son was named Gudrod, and he took the kingdom after his father. He was called Gudrod the Generous. He married Asa, daughter of King Harald Redbeard, who was king of Agder. They had two sons. One was named Halfdan, the other Olaf. Gudrod the Generous was killed at Geirstad in Vestfold, where was killed with a halberd, and he died on his ship in Stiflusund, in the evening. Asa, his wife, had egged on a man to kill him, because King Gudrod had killed King Harald, her father, and Gyrd, his son. King Gudrod had also married the daughter of Alfarin of Alfheim and had received half Vingulmark with her, as a dowry. Their son was Olaf. He was full-grown when his father fell, and he took the kingdom after his father. He was the best of all men, and strongest and most handsome to be seen. He was called Olaf, the Elf of Geirstad. Read more here.


Halfdan Hvitbeinn by richardchapin1 on 5 Mar 2007

Halfdan Hvitbeinn (Old Norse: Hálfdan hvítbeinn) was the son of Olof Trätälja of the House of Yngling according to Heimskringla. He lived around A.D. 710. His father was sacrificed to Odin by the Swedish settlers in Värmland because of a famine.. Some Swedes, however, realised that the famine was brought by overpopulation and not by the fact that the king had been neglecting his religious duties. Consequently, they resolved to cross the Ed Forest and settle in Norway and happened to end up in Soleyar where they killed king Sˆlve and took Halfdan prisoner. The Swedish expatriates elected Halfdan king as he was the son of their old king, Olof. Halfdan subjugated all of Soleyar and took his army into Romerike and subjugated that province as well. Halfdan was to become a great king, who married ≈sa [Asa Eysteinndottir, b. 708-739], the daughter of king Eystein, the ruler of Oppland and Hedmark. They had two sons, ÷ystein Halfdansson and Gudrˆd. Halfdan conquered a large part of Hedemark, Toten, Hadeland and a part of Vestfold. When his brother Ingjald Olofsson died, he inherited Wermelandia. Halfdan died of old age in Toten and was transported to Vestfold where he was buried under a mound in Skiringssal.


Quick Links to individuals listed in more detail below, or just scroll down. While the Great Ancestors below are from current dates (first) to furthest back (bottom of page),
this is NOT a family tree. The Surname link (sorry, link disabled - unable to afford database [TNG] to place online in secure manner) will take you to our family tree, albeit, a bit outdated - 2009.
The great grand parents below are from various branches. The hours required to bring you all this were in the thousands. Enjoy.
 
Halfdan Hvitbeinn N:
Greta Garbo N: Swedish
William Stuart Taylor
N: English/Irish
Arngrimur Jonsson the Learned N: Icelandic
Árni Magnússon N: Icelandic
Anna of Russia
Sesselja Torfadóttir N:
Jón Arason N: Icelandic
Jon Sigmundsson N:
Björn Þorleifsson, Björn "ríki" Þorleifsson N:
or Bjorn Thorleifsson
N:
Daniel Rantzau N:
Ormur Snorrason
, son of Snorri Narfason N:
Þóra Magnúsdóttir N:
Þorvaldur Gissurarson N:
Gissur Hallsson N:
Guðmundur Arason
N:
Hauk Erlendsson N:
Snorri Sturluson N:
Sturla Þórðarson (the elder) N:
Ari "fróði" Þorgilsson N:
Harald III "Hardrada Sigurdsson, King of Norway, N:
Brúsi Sigurðsson, Scottish,
N:
Donalda, Princess Of Scotland N:
Brian Boru N:
Sigurd II "Digri" HLODVERSSON, Scot (All branches) N:
Eochaid Muinremur, Northern Ireland and 11 others N:
Princess Melkorka Mýrkjartansdóttir, N: Irish
Guðríður Þorbjarnardóttir & Þorfinnur "karlsefni" Þórðarson N:
Þorgrímur Grímólfsson N:
Örlygur Böðvarsson, N: Norweigian
Ingólfr Arnarson, N: Norweigian Norweigian (Blood relation)
Flóki Vilgerðarson N:
Hrolf Ganger of Normandy, AKA Rollo, N: Norweigian Viking
King Harald the FairHair N:
Naddoður (Icelandic) pending N:
Ketill "Flatnose", Norweigian N:
Tefnalchte, 81st GGF, (Okay, so he probably did not exist)
Egill "Tunnadólgur" Aunsson, Swedish
Óttarr "Vendilkráka" Egilsson, Swedish
Aðils Óttarsson N:
Eysteinn or Östen Aðilsson N:
Ingvar "The Tall" Eysteinsson N:
Anund or Önundur "Braut-Önundur" Ingvarsson N:
King Ingjaldur "illráði" (ill-Ruler) Önundarson "Braut" N:
Olaf "The Wood Cutter" Ingjaldsson (Swedish)
Hálfdan "hvítbein" Ólafsson, N: Norweigian
Ingjaldur 'hviti' (Fródason) Helgason N:
Þorsteinn Ólafsson, a.k.a. Thorstein `the Red' OLAFSSON
of DUBLIN N:
Thortsein "Raudi", the Scottish King N:
Þorgeir Þorkelsson, N: Icelandic Law Speaker
Grímur Kamban N:
Egill Skallagrímsson N:
King Tryggve Olafsson, N: Norweigian
Elisaveta, Rus' Princess of Kiev and a Norwegian queen
Eiríkur "rauði" Þorvaldsson (Erik The Red) N:
Yaroslav I the Wise, 3x Grand Prince of Novgorod and Kiev
Rurik the Russian Viking (pending research) N:
Princess Rafarta Kjarvalsdóttir McCerbhall, N: Irish
Björn "buna" Veðrar-Grímsson Norway (NEW)
Valdar Hroarsson, King of Denmark (NEW)
Cerball mac Dngaile (Cerball son of Dngal), N: Irish
Dungal MacFERGAILE King of OSRAIGE, N: Irish
Fergus Mor MacErc, N: Irish
Fjölnisson, Sveigðir, N: Irish
Hálfdanarson, Yngvi (Mythical King)
N:

NOT RELATED
Greta Garbo
Swedish
Flag of Sweden

30's Swedish actress. Daughter of Lovisa Johansson.
Discovered in Sweden, Greta Garbo moved to America with a contract to act for MGM Studios. Greta acted in such movies as "Mata Hari" and "Anna Karenina". She retired from acting in 1941 at the age of 36.
She is said to be related to Þóra Magnúsdóttir (see below).06/28/10, RE: Relation to Greta Garbo
"Inge and the Norwegian king Magnus Barefoot were at war, but they signed a peace agreement at Kungahälla[1][2] in 1101 together with Eric Evergood of Denmark.[2] At this meeting he gave his daughter Margareta as wife to king Magnus.[2] In Snorri's Magnus Barefoot's Saga, a part of the Heimskringla, there is a description of the appearance of Inge:“ King Inge was the largest and stoutest, and, from his age, of the most dignified appearance. King Magnus appeared the most gallant and brisk, and King Eirik the most handsome. But they were all handsome men; stout, gallant, and ready in speech.[5]"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inge_the_Elder
Ancestry.com shows Margaret Firthpoll as Magnus wife related who supposedly married Magnus
"At this meeting he [Inge] gave his daughter Margareta as wife to king Magnus."
The original tree from Ancestry.com shows Margaret Firthpoll. Verify Firthpoll. Should be daughter of Inge Stenkilsson, brother is Halsten Stenkilsson, or Margareta Stenkildottir.
This might be here...Margareta Fredkulla Ingesdotter
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Fredkulla

Except Magnus died within 2 years and they had no children
Ergo Margareta is my GGF's wife and no relationship to us regarding Greta Garbo. 01/13/2011 - above makes no sense. If Magnus was a GGF, Margareta is a GM [wrong - Margareta was a second marriage. Eirín from Ireland Earlsdóttir, Magnus 1st wife is our 21st GGM.]
In my db is Þóra Magnúsdóttir, daughter of Magnus III "The Bare-Footed" OLAFSSON. Her mother is listed as Unknown. I have little doubt the relation to Pora as I cite Halfdan Helgason as the Source. He himself would say it may be wrong. He and the others that compiled his database are very conservative in what they add and after a few thousand references, I have come to trust in what he lists.
TRUST BUT VERIFY
Meaning the lineage to Pora is very strong.

Íslendingabók, Libellus Islandorum or The Book of Icelanders which lists Pora, writing historians consider it the most reliable extant source on early Icelandic history.

Here is the clue to verify NO RELATIONSHIP
"she [Margareta] was made widow after two years of marriage, and soon left Norway. The marriage was childless".
Pora is NOT Margaret's child, ergo, no relation.

Greta Garbo

1830

Great Great Grandparents
William Stuart Taylor & Isabella Slimmons/Slemin
Link to Surname pages
English (1st Generation), Scottish and Irish (1st Generation)
Flag of England 1606Flag of Ireland

William Stuart Taylor, b. 09 Aug 1830, possibly born in Arundel Castle, raised in West Indies; Barbados. Father of our Great Grandmother, Caroline TAYLOR Christopherson .
Brother of John Taylor, friend to the Icelanders in New Iceland - M.H.S. web page.
Possible connection to the Howards and the Duke of Norfolk. Research pending.

Isabella Slimmons was William's 1st wife, b. 1835, of Irish Descent. Her father John was born in Ireland (census). Update: Isabella died 1865, hence, the above census COULD NOT possibly be her.
Mother of Caroline nee Taylor Christopherson.
View the Slimmons Research and Developement page

Wife No. 2 was Eliza J. McNEIL, b. 1833 NY, Res. Peterboro.
Eliza's parents; Alex McNEIL & Susan MORROW. Eliza's sister died in Michigan.

Wife No. 3 was Sigridur Thorarinson, d. 1910.
William Taylor's daughter, Isabella TAYLOR Badger, married Thomas Badger.

View Williams Individual page.



Photo: Back-Caroline Taylor Christopherson, her father,
William Stuart Taylor, Jane Taylor Hearn

Front-Susanna Taylor married Halldór Eggertsson Briem, Anna Taylor Ballard,
married George Ballard (children: Oscar, Jacob Ballard and Emma)

Without out a doubt, he IS related to us through the Einarson branch.
Roy's 9th GGF
NEW:
He is a GGF on Christopherson side as well.
Arngrimur Jonsson
Link to Surname pages
ICELANDIC
Flag of Iceland

Arngrimur Jonsson the Learned, wrote a description of a journey to Iceland, Islandia, sive Populorum & mirabilium qu=E6 in ea = Insula reperiuntur accvratior descriptio (Iceland, or an accurate description = of the people and wonders which are to be found on that island) which was = first published in Holland in 1607. It became very well known and greatly influenced foreigners' beliefs about Iceland for centuries to come. It included many lies about the country and its people which greatly = enraged the Icelander Arngrimur Jonsson the Learned. It is not certain, = however, that Blefken ever travelled to Iceland or Greenland. It is more likely = that he pieced together information gained from existing works on Iceland, = mixing this with ideas from his own fanciful imagination.=20 Arngrimur Jonsson the Learned (1568-1648) fought long and hard to = convince foreign scholars of the absurdity of their beliefs about Iceland and = her people. He felt his country's honour was unfairly under attack from = their slander and lies regarding its people and their way of life, and wrote = five books in Iceland's defence. One of them is Anatome Blefkeniana (Blefken dissected), and was published in Iceland in 1612. Nowadays, Anatome Blefkeniana, is best known for the cartoon at the end of it in which = Blefken appears in the likeness of a monkey. ArngrÌmur JÛnsson the Learned (Icelandic: ArngrÌmur JÛnsson lÊr?i) was a scholar who lived in Iceland from 1568 until 1648. He is pictured on the now obsolete Icelandic 10 krÛnur banknote. See Icelandic krÛna. In 1593 he published a defense of Iceland (in Latin) in which he criticized the works of numerous authors who had written about the people and the country of Iceland. His main target was a poem by Gories Peerse, a merchant who had written an entertaining and somewhat slanderous poem about Icelandic geography and ethnography. ArngrÌmur also, however, criticized substantial works such as the Cosmographie of German scholar Sebastian M¸nster. His critique, Brevis commentarius de Islandia, was reprinted in 1598 in Richard Hakluyt's Principal Navigations of the English Nation. This defense of Iceland and subsequent works were important for introducing European scholars to the ancient literature of Iceland and the richness of the manuscripts present there. It also played a formative role in the development of European nationalism, participating in the ethnographic insult and counterinsult by which European countries came to distinguish themselves in print. In his historical writings ArngrÌmur had access to texts no longer extant, most importantly a large fragment of Skjˆldunga saga which was later lost completely. His works on legendary Danish and Swedish kings are the most important evidence for the contents of the lost saga. Works ''Brevis commentarius de Islandia ''CrymogÊa ''Supplementum HistoriÊ NorvegicÊ ''Rerum Danicarum fragmenta ''Ad catalogum regum SveciÊ annotanda ''Anatome Blefkeniana ''Epistola pro patria defensoria ''Apotribe virulentÊ et atrocis calumniÊ ''Athanasia (in memory of Gu?brandur fiorl·ksson) ''Specimen IslandiÊ historicum ''Gronlandia
SOURCE

Arngrimur

Arngrimur
Arngrímur as depicted on the 10 Icelandic Krónur bank note.
Wiki

11th Great Grandfather (Gudbrandsdottir Side - Soffia m. Einar Einarson)
Árni "stóri" Magnússon ,
ICELANDIC
Flag of Iceland

Árni Magnússon (1663-1730) was an Icelander; he was professor at the University of Copenhagen, which at that time was the university of Denmark, Norway and Iceland. Throughout his life he was a passionate student of Icelandic history, and as a collector of manuscripts he was unique in his time. His collection of manuscripts was by far the largest collection of medieval Icelandic manuscripts then in existence. It eventually became the property of the Arnamagnæan Foundation, which was associated with the University of Copenhagen. The transfer of Árni Magnússon's manuscript collection from Denmark to Iceland, which began in 1971, was concluded in June 1997. That part of the Arnamagnæan collection which is considered to be part of Iceland's cultural heritage, according to the Danish legislation passed in 1961, are housed in the Stofnun Árna Magnússonar á Íslandi, while the other part of the collection remains in the custody of Det arnamagnæanske Institut in Copenhagen.

Arni

Memorial plaque to District Commissioner Ari Magnusson of Ögur and his wife Kristín Guðbrandsdóttir in the National Museum of Iceland
Photo Credit: Roy Einar Christopherson 2014 All Rights Reserved
Daughter of __ Great Grandfather Harold III
Anna of Russia (1693-1740)
Empress of Russia
Flag of Russia
Anna Ivanovna reigned as Duchess of Courland from 1711 to 1730 and as Empress of Russia from 1730 to 1740. She strongly disliked and distrusted Russian nobles and created a special police force to intimidate those who opposed her.
    Relationship?: 2nd Cousin 18 times removed. Pending more research. One more name [LAF] required to complete lineage.

Anna was the daughter of Ivan V of Russia, as well as the niece of Peter the Great. The latter married her to Frederick Wilhelm, Duke of Courland in November 1710, but on the return trip from Saint Petersburg in January 1711, her husband died. Anna continued ruling as Duchess of Courland (now western Latvia) from 1711 to 1730, with the Russian resident, Peter Bestuzhev, as her adviser. She never remarried after the death of her husband, but was reputed by her enemies to have indulged in a love affair with Ernst Johann von Biron for many years. On the death of Peter II, Emperor of Russia, the Russian Supreme Privy Council under Prince Dmitri Galitzine made Anna Empress in 1730. They had hoped that she would feel indebted to the nobles for her unexpected fortune and remain a figurehead at best, and malleable at worst. In the hope of establishing a constitutional monarchy in Russia, they convinced her to sign articles that limited her power. However, these proved a minor inconvenience to her, and soon she established herself as an autocratic ruler, using her popularity with the imperial guards and lesser nobility.

BREAK-THROUGH: Through Sigurdur Christopherson to Pora Magnusdottir to Harold III, we are related to Yarolsav I and then Anna of Russia. There may be a connections through 'LAF' yet that is weak. This Harold III connection appears strong. Now your could add Russian to our heritage. Course, if one goes back far enough, we reach German Tribes.
Read more on Harold III
Anna
12th Great Grandmother
Sesselja Torfadóttir Link to Surname pages
ICELANDIC
Flag of Iceland

Sesselja Torfadóttir was born about 1485, Klofa, Rangárvalla, Iceland
Father: Torfi JONSSON b: 1460 Mother: Helga GUDNADOTTIR b: 1470
She Married Thorsteinn FINNBOGASON b: 1475
She connects us to many Danish. She is the daughter of Torfi "ríki" Jónsson, Sýslumaður {Sheriff}. There are 16 Torfadóttirs listed on this site.
 

13th Great Grandfather (GGF of almost all Icelanders) (Einarsson side)
Jón Arason Link to Surname pages
ICELANDIC
Flag of IcelandJón Arason, (1484 in Gryta - November 7, 1550) was an Icelandic Roman Catholic bishop and poet. He became a priest about 1504, and having attracted the notice of Gottskálk Nikulásson, bishop of Hólar, was sent by that prelate on two missions to Norway.
In 1522 he succeeded Gottskálk in the see of Hólar, but he was soon driven out by the other Icelandic bishop, Ögmundur of Skálholt. That bishop later proved to be the other to go against Lutheranism, but being old and blind by that time his opposition proved effectively meaningless.By this point Jón Arason had become known for his great talents if somewhat erratic faith. He fathered numerous children who fought for his causes figuratively and later literally. This despite being the age when Catholic bishops were to be celibate, but Iceland was distant enough from Rome to develop its own peculiarities. After a brief exile in Norway he became involved in a dispute with his sovereign, Christian III, king of Denmark, because he refused to further the progress of Lutheranism in the island. Although initially he took a defensive rather than an offensive position on the matter this changed radically in 1548. At that point he and Ögmundur joined their forces to attack the Lutherans. Being old and blind at this stage Ögmundur's contribution didn't last and he quickly faced exile to Denmark. As for Jón his continuing resistance came from a kind of primitive nationalism and simple ambition as much as religion. He resented the Danes changing the religious landscape of Iceland and felt their culture would be less disrupted by staying Catholic. Hence he took encouragement from a letter from Pope Paul III to continue his efforts against the Lutherans. For the Pope this seems to have been a generalized opposition to the spread of Protestantism not necessarily support for the peculiarities of his life or Icelandic culture. Still the encouragement helped strengthen the opposition against the Lutherans into a kind of Civil war. His zeal toward that cause knew no bounds as he fought for what he deemed to be a Catholic, Icelandic, and personal struggle against the Danes. In this struggle he had the help of his illegitimate children who fought with him in various battles. However his attempt to capture his greatest adversary, Daði Gudmundsson, at the Battle of Sauðafell led to himself being taken prisoner and handed over to the king's bailiff. Legend states that on hearing this one of his feistier daughters rallied her forces to save him, but even if this is so her efforts proved unsuccessful. In 1550 the bishop of Hólar and two of his sons (Are and Bjorn) were captured and beheaded. The king's bailiff, named Christian Skriver, would later be killed by fishermen who favored Jón's cause.

Memorial at the place of execution of Jon Arason, in Skalholt, south Iceland
Jón Arason was the last Roman Catholic bishop in Iceland. He is celebrated as a poet and as kind of folk hero who fought against Danish imperialism. The writer Gunnar Gunnarsson wrote a novel about his life. Some critics in Iceland and elsewhere indicate his cause might have revolved most around protecting his own power. He was also the man who introduced printing into the island.
As legend will have it, he is also responsible for one of the most enduring sayings in the Icelandic language. As he was about to be beheaded, a priest called Sveinn was by his side to offer him comfort. Sveinn told Jón: "Líf er eftir þetta, herra!" ("There is a life after this one, Sire!") Jón turned to Sveinn and said: "Veit ég það, Sveinki!" ("That I know, little Sveinn!") Ever since "veit ég það, Sveinki" has been a part of the Icelandic treasure of sayings, in this case meaning that something totally obvious has been stated.
SOURCE: Wikipedia



Jon Arason, last Catholic Priest in Iceland
PHOTOS by Roy E Christopherson. All Rights Reserved
SAGA Museum, Iceland - A must visit while there end of west Harbor

Arason 2
Memorial at the place of execution of
Jon Arason, in Skalholt, south Iceland

11th Great Grandfather
(Christopherson, side)
Jon Sigmundsson
ICELANDIC
Flag of IcelandReference: Copyright © 2009-10 by Sanderson Beck

"The Black Death came to Iceland in 1402, and in two years nearly two-thirds of the population was wiped out."Gottskalk Nikolasson became Bishop of Holar. Gottskalk wanted to gain property for himself and family, so he ordered Jon to appear before him. Gottskalk tried to levy fines against Jon Sigmundsson (our 11th Great Grandfather) after he refused. Jon was a Lögmaður (attorney, solicitor, barrister). This was after 1495. The accused, Jon cleared himself of some of the charges and was banned. His wife had to appear before Gottskalk. She paid 300. Gottskalk brought Jon before him again and fined him.Jon on appeal to the King and Archbishop went to Bishop Stephan Jonsson of Skalholt. The Bishop sided with Gottskalk and Jon paid 200 and promised to obey the rules. Jon was wounded with a knife at Holar, then both Bishops banned him for failure to appear.This time Jon went to the king who ordered the Govenor of Iceland to return his estates and gave Jon a Letter of Protection.

Get this, Gottskalk bribed the Govenor and had Jon PUSHED off the side of a bridge. Luckily for us, he was saved. The Chieftains banned together against the Bishops, but the Icelanders were under the Bishop's influence. Jon Sigmundsson died in poverty in the year 1520 as well as Gottskalk .


Jon lineage went to the Sigvaldsons and now to the christophersons, before I joined the two people known as Jon.

 

14th Great Grandfather
Björn Þorleifsson
ICELANDIC
Flag of Iceland
(Christopherson, Einarson, ___ branches) Björn Þorleifsson, Björn "ríki" Þorleifsson, or Bjorn Thorleifsson
b. 1408 - d. 1467
Hirðstjóri In Iceland, the king appointed a hirðstjóri, or director of the court, who was the supreme lay ... hirðstjóri also bore the title “captain of Iceland,” 1 Skard
Location: 60 km north of Budardalur, Road 60, turn left into road 590
Skard is a farm and church site on Skardströnd. Many of the Icelandic Saga heroes come from here. Amongst them were Bjorn Thorleifsson, governor, and his wife, Olof-the-Rich Loftsdottir. On the death of her husband by Englishmen in 1467, she is quoted as declaring: „shed no tears for farmer Björn, but gather men to avenge him...“ This has become a famous quote in Iceland. Björn, the greatest chief in Iceland, 15 century, killed along with seven men in their battle against England. Björns body was then cut down into pieces. Björn had been knighted by the Danish king ten years earlier (1457), so his murder made Anglo-Danish relations deteriorate further...2...MERCHANTS, PIRATES, ALIENS AND LAWYERS 261
dig up the ground, and carry on fishery as if it were their own property'. Occasionally the English landed on the island in full martial array with trumpets blaring and banners whip- ping the air. Danish officials accused them of murder and pillage and rapine, even charged them with kidnapping or buying children and it appears that they did carry off a few. But the officers of the King of Denmark were not popular with the natives, and when a party of Englishmen captured and bore away the Danish governor, a chronicle representing the views of the Icelanders recorded tersely, Tew were sorry at that'. When a Danish governor, Bjorn Thorleifsson, arrived with a strong escort at Rif in 1467, he found English merchant- men and fishers carrying on a lively business. Before he could make any attempt to enforce his king's prohibitions, the Eng- lish fell upon him and his men like a thunder-clap, and 'Bjorn the Mighty was smitten to death', his house sacked, and his son held for ransom. But when Bjorn's wife heard what had happened, she announced, "There shall be no weeping but rather gather men!' Donning a shirt of mafl and thrusting a woman's dress over it for seemliness she and her warriors 'came with craft upon the English and slew a great company of them, except the cook, who got his life very narrowly for that he had before helped their son*. This bold lady then sailed for Norway to report to the king; he is said to have found her 'a woman pleasant to behold'....
3

As in other Nordic countries, the use of heraldry started with seals in the 13th century. The earliest known use of the seal in Iceland was that of Hrafn Sveinbjarnarson, who died in 1213.[1] This gold signet ring, bearing a raven (Hrafn in Icelandic), was an early example of canting arms. The ring was a gift from Bjarni Kolbeinsson, Bishop of Orkney.

Personal coats of arms were rare in medieval Iceland,[1] and these had a distinctive character in comparison to other heraldic traditions, reflective of Iceland's distinctive flora and fauna. After Iceland became part of the Kingdom of Norway in 1262, some Icelandic nobles were granted arms by the king of Norway.[2] Records indicate that two Icelandic knights, Haukur Erlendsson from around the year 1300, and Loftur the rich Guttormsson from around 1400, each bore noble arms featuring a falcon.[2] Three extant letters from the 15th century granted noble arms to Icelanders: in 1450 Torfi Arason was granted the arms, Azure, a bear argent, with a demi-bear argent on the crest; in 1457 Björn Þorleifsson was granted the arms, Azure, a bear argent, with a bear argent on the crest; in 1488 Eggert Eggertsson, a Norwegian whose descendants became Iceland's governors for a while, was granted the arms, Azure, a demi-unicorn argent, with a demi-unicorn argent on the crest.[2] Nobility was abolished in Iceland in 1660, and no one in Iceland today has any rightful claim to an ancient family coat of arms.[2]

 

11th Great Grandfather (Sigvaldson branch)
Daniel Rantzau Link to Surname pages
Denmark/Germany
Flag

(1529 - November 11, 1569),
11th GGF through Sigvaldason branch, was a Danish-German general who was known for his leadership in the Northern Seven Years' War. I am still researching his extensive lineage.
Daniel Rantzau (1529 – 11 November 1569) was a Danish-Germangeneral who was known for his leadership in the Northern Seven Years' War. A distant relative of Johan Rantzau, Daniel Rantzau was raised in Holstein, and received a solid academic education but preferred a military career. For some years, he fought in Germany and Italy, and also took part in the Danish conquest of Dithmarschen in 1559. Rantzau also seems to have been a clear pro-war spokesman before the outbreak of the Northern Seven Years' War with Sweden in 1563. (source: Wiki)
Many thanks to cousin Kristjan and cousin Gígja Friðgeirsdóttir Sveinsson for this branch.
Relationship Chart

Daniel Rantzau

Ormur Snorrason, son of Snorri Narfason
17th GGF
ICELANDIC
Flag of Iceland

b. 1320 AD, d. 1402 by the Black Death plague
Ormur was a Chief Justice, living on his estate at Skarð on the Skarðstrand. He held office from 1359-1375. He is mentioned in the story of the Grund Battle in 1361, when Governor-General Smith Andresson was killed.

Snorri Narfason Link to Surname pages
18th GGF
b. 1260, Kolbeinstöðum, Hnappadal. d. 09 Mar 1332.
Lawmaker. Snorri connects to the Kings

 

14th Great Grandfather (ALL BRANCHES)
Hauk Erlendsson
Link to Surname pages
ICELANDIC
Flag of Iceland

1265 to 1334
Hauk [the name means ‘hawk’] was a Law Speaker and served as a delegate at the Norwegian court. Hauk was a direct descendant of Thorfinn Karlsefni (Þorfinnur "karlsefni" Þórðarson) and Gudrid ( Guðríður Þorbjarnardóttir ) via their son Snorri. They were in fact Hauk's great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandparents. (1)
Here is her Relationship Chart.
Also see Hauksbok.

Records indicate that two Icelandic knights, Haukur Erlendsson from around the year 1300, and Loftur the rich Guttormsson from around 1400, each bore noble arms featuring a falcon.

Hank Erlendson, who was Lagman or Chief Governor of Iceland in 1295, and one of the compilers of the Landnamabok; he was also a descendant of Karlsefne in the ninth generation. source

 

Meet my 22nd Great Grandmother (ALL BRANCHES)
Pauline Einarson Christopherson 's 21st Great Grandmother
Þóra Magnúsdóttir Link to Surname pages
ICELANDIC
Flag of Iceland
Daughter of Magnus III of Norway, Descendant of Harald the Fairhair, King of all of Norway.
Þóra Magnúsdóttir born in 1100 in Norway, a daughter of King Magnús berfættur or Barefoot Ólafsson, King of Norway (1073-1103) alias Magnus III of Norway a direct descendant of Harald Fairhair the first Norwegian King. The Fairhair dynasty is traditionally regarded as the first royal dynasty of the united Norway, a branch of the Ynglings.Þóra Magnúsdóttir (born 1100 in Norway) married an Icelander and moved to Iceland. Her husband was a powerful Icelandic chieftain Loftur Sæmundsson son of Sæmundur fróði Sigfússon. Their son was Jón Loftsson. A direct descendant of Loftur and Þóra was Þuríður Sturludóttir (born 1228) who married Hrafn Oddsson (born 1225) a direct descendant of Sakallagrímur Kveldúlfsson (Skalla-Grímr) father of skald and viking Egill SkallagrÌmsson. In their son JÛn korpur Hrafnsson (born 1255) the two warring clans of Haraldur hárfagri and Skallagímur Kveldúlfsson were genetically united in Iceland.Oddi, in the fields of the Rangá, is a major historic site. It first became famous around the middle of the 11th Century, when a church was built there, and thus is one of the oldest church sites in Iceland. It was a scholar, political and cultural center for centuries. In the year 1078, Sæmundur the Learned became priest of Oddi.

Saemundur the Learned was a chieftain and the first important person to reside at Oddi. Saemundur is believed to have brought some Latin books from Paris, where he studied at the 'Black College', the forerunner of the present Sorbonnne. In one of the folktales about Saemundur the Learned and the Devil, Saemundur hits the devil on the head with a book which contained King David's Psalms, after he'd sat on the Devil's back across the Atlantic, on his way from France to Iceland. Although this may be more myth than reality, one thing is certain, that there must have been a fairly good collection of books in Latin at Oddi which Saemundur had other people write on skin for him and also various study books in Latin. Sæmundur established a school at Oddi, which is believed to have stood for two centuries.

Among other eminent Icelanders who studied at the Oddi school was Snorri Sturluson, the father of Icelandic historiography. Snorri Sturluson (1179 - 1241) was a poet and historian, born in Oddi, Iceland. Snorri acquired a deep knowledge of Icelandic tradition and a European breadth of outlook. His main works were the Prose Edda, a handbook on poetics, and Heimskringla, a series of sagas of the Norwegian kings down to 1177. Snorri also retold old Norse myths within stories of his own creation. His genius was his ability to present historical facts with the immediacy of drama. In 1215 he was elected law-speaker, or president of the Icelandic high court. He became involved in a plan for the king of Norway Haakon IV to rule Iceland, but when the plan failed he fled to Norway. After his return to Iceland against the wish of Haakon, the king took revenge and had him murdered. Some other known famous men of Oddi include Eyjolfur Saemundsson, Loftur Saemundsson and Jon Loftsson.LINEAGE

Read about GGF Magnus http://wildeyedsoutherncelt.com/tag/rune-stone-monument-to-magnus-barefoot/


Haraldur hárfagri Hálfdánarson (Harald Fairhair) (850): Descendent of the Ynglings - King over Norway
Sigurður hrísi Haraldsson (880)
Hálfdán Sigurðsson (930)
Sigurður sýr Hálfdánarson (970)
Haraldur harðráði Sigurðsson (Harald Hardråde) (1046-1066): King over Norway
Ólafur kyrri Haraldsson (Olaf Kyrre) (1066-1093): King over Norway
Magnús berfættur Ólafsson (Magnus Barefoot) (1073-1103): King over Norway
Þóra Magnúsdóttir
(1100)
Jón Loftsson (1124-1197)
Sæmundur Jónsson (1154-1222)
Sólveig Sæmundsdóttir (1200-1244)
Þuríður Sturludóttir (1228-1288)
Jón korpur Hrafnsson (1255)
Full Relationship Charts Christopherson, Stoneson, Einarson, Sigvaldson

No pictures of Þóra

Magnus III

Þóra's father
Magnus III of Norway

21ST GREAT GRANDFATHER
Gissur Hallsson
b. 1125, d. 27 Jul 1206
(Christopherson, Einason,____ branches)
Flag of Iceland

A lawsayer/LawSpeaker at the Althing from 1181-1202, and a priest in Haukadalur
(Lögsögumaður og prestur í Haukadal. Íæ)
See Halfdan's Newsletter 33 (1-72) 20th GREAT GRANDFATHER
Þorvaldur Gissurarson, son of Gissur Hallsson
b. abt. 1163, d. 01 Sep 1235
Prestur (Priest) og (and) goðorðsmaður (?) í (into) Hruna (fall) 1182-1225.
Sources: -
person: Íæs.IHruni is a farm, a church site, and a parsonage in the Hrunamanna County. The present church was built in 1865. Thorvaldur Gissurarson (1155-1225), the son of Gissur Hallsson of Haukadalur, lived at Hruni 1182-1225. He was a clever chieftain and a catholic priest. He founded the monastery on the Videy Island in 1224 and died there as a canon the next year. His son Gissur (1208-1268) took over after his father and became the most powerful chieftain in the southern quarter of the country. He was a naturally peaceful man, but circumstances dragged him into the obstinate disputes of the so-called Sturlunga Age. He took the side of Hakon the old, king of Norway, and later became his earl in Iceland (1258-1268). After the Reformation a former priest at Hruni and household manager of the Episcopal seat Skalholt, Jon Hedinsson (†1543), who would not be reformed, defended the last catholic bishop by killing Danish invaders after they had mistreated the bishop and his followers.
http://www.nat.is/travelguideeng/plofin_hruni.htmViðey was inhabited from soon after the settlement of Iceland around 900 AD. In 1225 a monastery was founded on the island by Þorvaldur Gissurarson, with the assistance of scholar/chieftain Snorri Sturluson. The first monastery in the southern quarter, it soon grew wealthy. At its zenith it was the second-richest monastery in Iceland, owning up to 116 estates.
In 1539 the monastery came to a dramatic end when it was raided by Danish soldiers, when the Reformation was imposed on the Icelandic church. For the next two centuries Viðey belonged to the royal estate of Bessastaðir. A home for paupers was located on the island. (2) Halldóra Þorvaldsdóttir
Halldóra's brother was Gissur Þorvaldsson
, son of Þorvaldur GissurarsonGissur Thorvaldsson (1208 – January 12, 1268) (Icelandic: Gissur Þorvaldsson) was a medieval Icelandic chieftain or goði of the Haukdælir family clan, and great-grandson of Jón Loftsson.Gissur played a major role in the period of civil war which is now known as Sturlungaöld, or the Age of the Sturlungs: he fought alongside Kolbeinn the Young against the forces of Sturla Sighvatsson of the Sturlungar clan in the Battle of Örlygsstaðir in 1238 and led the force of men who murdered saga-writer Snorri Sturluson in 1241, at the behest of Haakon IV, King of Norway. In 1258, he was made Earl of Iceland (Icelandic: jarl) for his loyal service to the king. He held this title till his death.Gissur worked actively to promote the Old Covenant (Icelandic: Gamli sáttmáli), an agreement which brought Iceland under the sovereignty of the Norwegian crown in 1264. The covenant is hence sometimes known as Gissur's Covenant, or Gissurarsáttmáli. (2) The first national coat of arms of Iceland that can be attested in contemporary sources depicts a red lion upon a field of gold in the upper third and bars of silver and blue in the lower two-thirds (pictured below, first from left). Based upon this peculiar field, which is thought to be exceptional in placing the uppermost silver bar directly against the gold field, the heraldic advisory committee of Denmark in the 1950s hypothesised that the design must have taken into account an earlier coat of arms representing Iceland, that most likely consisted simply of twelve alternating bars of silver and blue. This design of twelve alternating silver and blue stripes may have been the emblem bestowed upon Gissur Þorvaldsson by King Hákon IV of Norway in Bergen in 1258, when he made him Earl of Iceland.[1]

Earl was the Anglo-Saxon form and jarl the Scandinavian form of a title meaning "chieftain" and referring especially to chieftains set to rule a territory in a king's stead. In Scandinavia, it became obsolete in the Middle Ages and was replaced with duke (hertig/hertug); in later medieval Britain, it became the equivalent of the continental count (in England in the earlier period, it was more akin to duke, while in Scotland it assimilated the concept of mormaer).

Huruni Church

Vidnes
Viðey Monestary founded by Þorvaldur Gissurarson
Hruni Farm, site where Þorvaldur Gissurarson lived

Earl of Iceland
The first national coat of arms of Iceland.
This design of twelve alternating silver and blue stripes may have
been the emblem bestowed upon Gissur Þorvaldsson by
King Hákon IV of Norway in Bergen in 1258,
when he made him Earl of Iceland

15th GGF (Soffia Gubrandsdottir branch)
Guðmundur Arason (Wikipedia)
Flag of IcelandGuðmundur Arason (1161 – March 16, 1237) was an influential 12th and 13th century Icelandic saintly bishop who took part in increasing the powers of the Catholic Church in medieval Iceland. His story is recorded in several manuscripts, most notably Prestssaga Guðmundar góða. He is often referred to as Guðmundur góði (Gudmundr or Gudmund the Good)Life
Guðmundur was born an illegitimate child in 1161, in Grjótá in Hörgárdalur, Iceland. He was ordained as priest in 1185 at the age of 24. A decade later, he had become one of the most influential clergymen in the Icelandic commonwealth, culminating in his election as bishop of Hólar (the northern one of the two Icelandic bishop seats) in 1203.He served for some time as house priest to Kolbeinn Tumason, an Icelandic chieftain. In his years as a simple priest, he did not exhibit any interest in strengthening the Church as an institution, and did not seek wealth or other worldly goods. However, he acquired a reputation as pious and devout man, and even as a miracle-worker.Upon his appointment as bishop, he was committed to continuing the work of his predecessors: namely, preserving the power structure of the Church. However, things quickly went awry. He was amongst the clerical visionaries who praised the virtue of poverty and believed the Church had been led astray by the acquisition of wealth. Both his contemporaries and later generations compared him with Thomas Becket. Guðmundur was generous with the Church's holdings, and soon a great number of impoverished dependents settled around Hólar. His generosity aroused the ire of local chieftains, and tensions escalated, leading to disputes concerning the judicial powers of the see. Guðmundur wanted the see to remain independent from the chieftains who had elected him, and made the first documented attempt in Iceland to maintain the judicial powers of the church over its own members.Conflict with the chieftains
Kolbeinn Tumason, chieftain of the Ásbirningar clan, had played an important part in Guðmundur's election, but in 1205 a dispute arose between the two. The cause of the dispute was a charge made by Kolbeinn against a priest who owed him money. According to church policy, the church had exclusive judicial powers in such matters. In the autumn of 1208, Kolbeinn travelled with a body of men to Hólar to carry out a sentence against a priest guilty of impregnating a woman. Kolbeinn's men clashed with the bishop's followers in what is known as Víðinesbardagi ("The Battle of Víðines") -- Kolbeinn and several of his men died in the conflict, which went in favour of the bishop. By 1209, Guðmundur's position was untenable and he was forced to flee the bishopry of Hólar.Guðmundur spent 1214-1218 in Norway, by order of the archbishop, and when he returned home, he played things more delicately. Nevertheless, a large group of poor people were soon living on the Church's charity again. Arnór Tumason, the new leader of the Ásbirnings, travelled to Hólar and scattered the bishop's impoverished followers -- Guðmundur remained Arnór's captive for a year. He then travelled around Iceland for three years with his followers. Upon the death of Arnór, Tumi Sighvatsson rose to power in Skagafjörður and claimed Hólar as his own. The bishop's men murdered Tumi in 1222 and Guðmundur was forced to flee to Grímsey, where he was intercepted and made a captive once again. Again, he was sent to Norway to face the archbishop's wrath. He returned to Iceland an old man, and played no significant further part in politics to his death in 1237.Sainthood
The story of Guðmundur was very much to the Church's advantage. His disputes with the chieftains soon faded from collective memory, but his piety and generosity remained a legend. Within living memory, he was regarded as a holy man (or saint), and in 1315 his physical remains were interred in a grand ceremony. He thus became a sort of national saint, although the Roman Catholic Church has to this day not acknowledged his sainthood. This may be due to the fact that Guðmundur had children and did thus not live by the vow of chastity.

References
Árni Daníel Júlíusson, Jón Ólafur Ísberg, Helgi Skúli Kjartansson Íslenskur sögu atlas: 1. bindi: Frá öndverðu til 18. aldar Almenna bókafélagið, Reykjavík 1989
Text above from Wikipedia

Bishop Arason
A drawing of Guðmundur from a medieval manuscript

Gudmunder
A statue of bishop Guðmundur near Hólar

Roy's 20th Great Grand Uncle-In-Law
AUG 2010 Snorri's Father is our 19th GGF. Many step mothers.
Snorri Sturluson
ICELANDIC
Flag of Iceland

Snorri Sturluson (1178 – September 23, 1241) was an Icelandic historian, poet and politician, Wrote many Sagas. Family helped lose Iceland's Independence due to in-fighting. Were related but through a marriage. More than enough resources on him.
http://www.christopherson.net/genealogy/pdf/PFF_0010_snorri sturluson.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sturlungar_family_clan

Snorri
18th Great Grandfather (Christopherson, Sigvaldson) (NEW)
Sturla Þórðarson (the elder)
, a.k.a. Hvamms-Sturla Thordarson
ICELANDIC

Flag of Iceland

The Sturlungar family clan

Birthdate: 1115
Birthplace: Stadarfell, Dala, Iceland
Death: Died July 23, 1183 in Hvammur, Dala, Iceland
Occupation: "Godorsmadur i Hvami i Dölum" (?), Hövding på Hvammi, Chieftain
The patriarch of the Sturlungs was Sturla Þórðarson, whom scholars believe was born around 1115. He inherited his Goðorð (domain, realm or area of influence) from his father Þórður Gilsson, our 19th GGF. The Sturlungs were extremely wealthy and influential. They controlled Western Iceland. Our other GGF, Jón Loftsson, a well-respected man, mediated in one of these disputes.

Snorri had two brothers, Þórður Sturluson and Sighvatur Sturluson. The descendants of Sturla played an important role in the Sturlungaöld civil war, most notably his sons Snorri and Sighvatur, and Sighvatur's son Þórður kakali Sighvatsson. Another notable Sturlung was Sturla Þórðarson, son of Þórður Sturluson, who fought with Þórður kakali.

To do: Research more on Snorri regarding blood lineage. Was he adopted or by blood.
Read more at Wiki.

Nice photo and map of the area.

The Process of State-Formation in Medieval Iceland by Sverrir Jakobsson, 2000 August 7
Warning: Lots of "data" here. It is interesting, though Roy himself does not approve of DNA testing.
...The data suggest that 20%–25% of Icelandic founding males had Gaelic ancestry, with the remainder having Norse ancestry. ...This supports the model, put forward by some historians, that the majority of females in the Icelandic founding population had Gaelic ancestry, whereas the majority of males had Scandinavian ancestry.
...Norwegians, Swedes, and Danes are collectively referred to as Scandinavians,
whereas Irish and Scottish populations are referred to as Gaels.... [1]

They also brought a great number of Celtic slaves (9) with them to Iceland, and the result is seen in the number of dark-haired people in the island. The names of men and places have varied little from the time of Settlement until now. Iceland in this respect as in others is one of the most conservative countries in the world.
Source: Landnámabók at http://www.northvegr.org
Hvammur_travel_guide
FARM HVAMMUR
Courtesy of Travel Guide.
21st Great Grand uncle (Christopherson...) (NEW)
Ari "fróði" Þorgilsson

Flag of Iceland

Ari "fróði" Þorgilsson Born 1067 - 1148 AD, was Iceland's most prominent medieval chronicler. He is the author of Íslendingabók, which details the histories of the various families who settled Iceland. He is typically referred to as Ari the Wise (Ari hinn fróði)
.
Roy has no children lineage to use entered at this time.
source: Wiki

Forefathers of Ari the Learned as given in the Book of the Settlement in Italics
21st GGF ARI the Learned, Author of the Book of the Settlement. (Ari "fróði" Þorgilsson, b. 1067 - d. 09 Nov 1148)

22nd GGF THORGILS (Þorgils Gellisson, b.abt. 1035 - d. about 1070)

23rd GGF GELLIR (Gellir Þorkelsson, b. 1008, of, Helgafell, Eyjafjardar, Iceland - d. 1073, í Hróarskeldu)

24th GGF THORKEL (Þorkell Eyjólfsson, b. 979, of, Helgafell, Eyjafjardar, Iceland - d. 07 Apr 1026)
In 1020, Guðrún married for the fourth time, this time to Thorkell Eyjolffsson, who became a great chieftain in his own countryside and took over the running of the household at Holyfell. Thorkell was fond of both his stepsons, but Bolli was regarded as "being the foremost in all things".[4] Thorleik journeyed abroad to Norway, and stayed with King Olaf II for several months.
wiki


25th GGF EYOLF the Gray (Eyjólfur "grái" Þórðarson, b. Abt. 930 AD - d. 1003)

26th GGF THORD YELLIR (Þórður "gellir" Ólafsson, aka Thordur Olafsson, Olafur Thorsteinsson, b. abt. 870 AD- d. 965)
+ ALFDIS OF BARA (Roy shows m. Hrodny Skeggadottir, b. Bet. 906 AD–916 AD of Reykir, Midfjord, Vestur Hunavatn, Iceland


27th GGF OLAF FEILAN (Ólafur "feilan" Þorsteinsson, b. 846 AD in Scotland) + 3 other children are related.

28th GGF THORSTEIN the Red. (Þorsteinn "rauði" Ólafsson aka Thorstein `the Red' OLAFSSON of DUBLIN,
b. Abt. 850/868 AD - d. 888 AD)
Konungur í Skotlandi (King for Scotland), en Skotar (scottish) gerðu (here you are?)
uppreisn (uprising) gegn (through) honum (him) og féll hann (he, him) á Katanesi


29th GGF OLAF the white (Ólafur "hvíti" Ingjaldsson, b. Abt. 806/830 AD - d. Abt. 875 AD)
+ married Auda "Deep-minded" KETILLSDOTTIR, aka Auður 'djúpúðga' Ketilsdóttir (b. abt. 810 in Iceland - d.? ) her father, Ketill

Auður " djûpûöga" "Deep-minded" KETILLSDOTTIR b. 810-830 (a.k.a. Unn or Aud "the Deep-minded") was our 27th GGM to the Christophersons, Stonesons, Sigvaldsons, 26th to Einarsons branches, and 31st to the Detweilers!

Queen of Dublin. Aud the Deep-Minded. Was a 'Norse princess, Norwegian noblewoman, Queen of Dublin in Ireland, emigrates 890 to Scotland, in 915 became first settler in the Breidafjord in Iceland, makes her home in Hvamm, emigrates 890 to Scotland. Burial said to be Hvammi, Dala, Iceland'. Her grave is undiscovered to date. The daughter of Ketill "flatnefur" (Flatnose) Bjarnason-Lord of the Hebrides, married Warrior-Chieftain Olaf the White, our GF, and the mother of Harald Wartooth. It is said her father was 'black-skinned', possibly black Mongoloid or Australoid. Mother Yngvild, possibly related to the royal race of Danes of the Ynglings dynasty, who were black. Source: http://preview.tinyurl.com/pwhxvtx
Sources on Aud

http://shrineodreams.wordpress.com/2012/12/17/the-saga-of-unn-the-deep-minded/
http://preview.tinyurl.com/pwhxvtx

Jump below to the continued lineage into the Swdish Kings

ScottishViking

Book of Settlers
23th Great Grandfather
(Christopherson, Oddstad, Einarson, Arason Branches - Links to Reports - See Þóra Magnúsdóttir
Harald III "Hardrada" "The Severe" Sigurdsson King of Norway;
a.k.a. Haraldur Sigurðsson (Harald Sigurdsson), Harald III of Norway, Harald Hardrada

Born 1015 - September 25, 1066)
Norway FlagAdobe PDF_icon Relationship Chart - Roy to Harald
Harald is connected from Sigurdur Christopherson through Þóra Magnúsdóttir (1100). Roughly translated as "stern counsel" or "hard ruler", was the king of Norway from 1047 until 1066. Son of Sigurður "sýr" Hálfdanarson. Harald also claimed to be the King of Denmark until 1064, often defeating King Sweyn's army and forcing him to leave the country. Many details of his life were chronicled in the Heimskringla. Among English-speakers, he is generally remembered for his invasion of England in 1066. Harald's death is often recorded as the end of the Viking Age...
...In 1045, in Rus, where he stayed two or three years before returning to Scandinavia, Harald married Elisabeth, daughter of Yaroslav (she is mentioned in Scandinavian sources as Ellisif).[6] Sources claim they were engaged before his departure but Yaroslav declined to confirm the marriage until Harald distinguished himself [Which Sources?]. During his service in the Byzantine Empire, Harald wrote a love poem addressed to Elisabeth, citing his many heroic deeds and complaining that "a golden-haired maiden of Gard does not like me"[7]. [edit] Rise to the Throne of Norway.

In Harald's absence, the throne of Norway had been restored to Magnus the Good, illegitimate son of Olaf II. When Harald arrived, he felt his claim to the throne was stronger than Magnus', and the two came close to war. Magnus' advisors, however, recommended the young king not fight his uncle, and a compromise was reached where Harald would jointly rule with Magnus, and Harald would share half of his wealth with Magnus.[8] Less than a year later, in 1047, Magnus was dead, and Harald became sole ruler of Norway. Having gained sole rule of Norway, Harald then sought the throne of Denmark for himself. In this endeavour, however, he was opposed by an earl named Einar Tambarskjelve, the "chief leader of the farmers in all the districts of Trondheim".[9] Harald had Einar killed, with negative repercussions to his image: according to Sturluson, he was "so strongly detested on account of his deed that the only reason the king's stewards and the farmers did not... do battle with him was the lack of a leader".[10] After killing Einar, Harald embarked on several campaigns against the Danish King Svein Ulfsson, none of which were successful. Karen Larsen comments that "there was no background for a union between the two countries and no demand for it among the people".[11] After fifteen years of fighting, Harald finally gave up on trying to conquer Denmark, and he and Svein agreed to a lifetime truce...

...Invasion of England With the truce and the recognition that he would not conquer Denmark, Harald turned his attention instead to England. England had, in the early 1040s, belonged to Harthacnut, the son of Cnut the Great. Harald based a claim to the throne of England on an agreement supposedly made by Magnus and Harthacnut, which stated that if either died, the other would inherit the deceased's throne and lands. When Harthacnut died, Magnus assumed the crown of Denmark, but did not press his claim on England, allowing Edward the Confessor to take the throne. The claim was very thin, and Harald likely would not even have pursued it independently. He was pressed to do so by Earl Tostig Godwinson, brother of King Harold Godwinson of England. Tostig pledged his support to Harald, stating, "If you wish to gain possession of England, then I may bring it about that most of the chieftains in England will be on your side and support you".[14]

In September 1066, Harald landed in Northern England with a force of around 15,000 men and 300 longships (50 men in each boat). Earl Tostig was with him. At the Battle of Fulford, two miles (3 km) south of York, on 20 September, he won a great victory against the first English forces he met. Believing that King Harold was prepared to surrender and the English to accept his claim to the throne, Harald took with him to meet the king only about half of his forces, carrying light weapons and wearing only light armour.

However, Harold Godwinson was not prepared to give up his throne. At the Battle of Stamford Bridge, outside York, on 25 September 1066, Godwinson's forces met with Harald's. Godwinson's forces were heavily armed, heavily armoured, and heavily outnumbered Harald's. Although one of Harald's men single-handedly blocked the English from the bridge for some time, when he fell, Harold Godwinson's better armed and better equipped forces easily cut through Harald's. Harald was killed by an arrow to the throat. Earl Tostig was also killed.

His army was so heavily beaten that only 24 of the 300 recorded longboats Harald used to transport his forces to England were used to carry the survivors back to Norway. Soon after his victory over King Harald, Harold Godwinson was defeated by William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings. The fact that Harold had to make a forced march to fight Hardrada at Stamford Bridge and then move at utmost speed south to meet the Norman invasion, all in a matter of days, is widely seen as a primary factor in William's hard-fought victory at Hastings.

Legacy
Harald was the last great Viking king of Norway and his invasion of England and death at the Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066 proved a true watershed moment. It marked the end of the Viking age and beginning of the High Middle Ages.Snorri writes, "One year after King Harald's fall his body was transported from England north to Nidaros [the present Trondheim], and was buried in the Mary Church, which he had built...

...On September 25, 2006, the 940th anniversary of Harald's death, the newspaper Aftenposten published an article on the poor state of Norway's ancient royal burial sites, including that of Harald Hardrada, which is reportedly located underneath a road built across the monastery site. In a follow-up article on September 26, the Municipality of Trondheim revealed they would be examining the possibility of exhuming the king and reinterring him in Nidaros Cathedral, currently the burial place of nine Norwegian kings, among them Magnus I and Magnus II, Harald's predecessor and successor respectively.
Source: [ Wiki]
Source 2

Checked lineage from Stonesons and found no connection to Harald.
Care to visit his grave? Harald is buried near the Nidaros Cathedral Trondheim Sor-Trondelag County, Norway [2].

Resources: http://www.battle1066.com/
Book available on Medieval Russia by janet here for under $20.
Discussion http://listsearches.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2003-02/1046173218

Here are some arguments that state many were not related to one another
The Fairhair dynasty (Norwegian: Hårfagreætta) was a family of kings founded by Harald I of Norway


Interesting article on Life and times of Harald Hardrada

RUSSIA
Now being related to the Russian TSARs of that era is IMHO not a great thing. Again, "we cannot pick and choose who are our ancestors".
Never really posted much here on this branch. Why? Well I grew up in the shadow of The Cold War. I still remember Duck n Cover.
The death of John F. Kennedy, and esp. Robert and the missle crisis. I studied the Russian Tsars when I found this connection.
We are connected twice, yet I am missing aname in lineage 2.
I believe in this day and age, it is our governments which most of the time, does NOT represent us. They try to divide us!
When I accidentially fell into the #Euromaidan, it was to warn Ukraine about taking on debt, through parody art. Due to my mothers death, I never finished compiling the map to the right. Map I copied over did not have Ukraine. Again the Empath in me connected to the People of Ukraine and I realized Kiev was Kyiv, Ukraine.

FEB 2015: Continuing Research on this lineage next up is...


23th Great Grandmother
Elisaveta, wife of Haraldur Sigurðsson;
was a Rus' Princess of Kiev and a Norwegian queen, wife and queen consort of king Harald III of Norway, a.k.a. Elisiv of Kiev, Elizaveta "Kiev Queen of Norway" Yaroslavna, Elisaveta Yaroslavna of Kiev (in Norwegian: Ellisif or Elisabeth)
Born: 1025 - ca 1067) born about 1032 Kiev, Ukraine

Flag of Russia
Elisaveta was born to Prince Yaroslav I of Kiev and Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden. She was the sister of Anne of Kiev, queen and regent of France, and Anastasia of Kiev, queen of Hungary. During the winter of 1043-44, Elisaveta was married to Prince Harald Sigurdsson of Norway, who was in service of her father at the time. In 1045, she followed Harald to Norway, were he became king and she became queen of Norway. In Norway, she was called Queen Elisiv. In 1047, her husband was the sole ruler, and in 1048, Harald took another wife, Tora Torbergsdatter. In 1066, Harald invaded England, were he died. Elisiv and her daughters followed Harald to England, where Maria died. Elisiv and then Ingegerd returned to Norway.

Elizaveta, Kiev Queen of Norway, daughter of Yaroslavna1, 23rd Great Grandmother

Children
Elisaveta was married to Harald in 1043 or 1044. They had two known children:
1. Ragnhild Maria Ragnhild Haraldsdotter of Norway, died September 25, 1086 in Isle of Man.
2. Ingegerd of Norway, (d. 1120), queen of Denmark and Sweden [Wiki].

? Magnus II Haraldsson, King of Norway (1048 – 1069), Half-Brother [1]
? Olaf III «the Peaceful» Kyrre (Haraldsson), King of Norway (c.1050 - c.1093), Half-Brother [2]
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ingegerd_of_Norway

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dblocher&id=I71923
Other Source: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dblocher&id=I71923

Yaroslav I the Wise; father of Elisaveta (see above)
24th Great Grandfather
Flag of Russia
Yaroslav I the Wise (c. 978 in Kiev - February 20, 1054 in Kiev) (East Slavic: Ярослав Мудрый; Old Norse: Jarizleifr) was thrice Grand Prince of Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule. During his lengthy reign, Kievan Rus' reached a zenith of its cultural flowering and military power. (Wiki)
Most would say how could an Icelander connect to Russians. Yaroslav 1 married Ingrid (Ingegerda) Olafsdotter Princess of Sweden(Wiki)


Yaroslav I the Wise Statue

Yaroslav I the Wise

Yaroslav I the Wise Tombstone

25th Great Grandfather
Vladimir Svyatoslavic, Volodymer or Valdamarr (Old Norse)
(c. 958 - 15 July 1015, Berestovo)
Flag of Russia
Vladimir Svyatoslavich, father of Yaroslav I the Wise,
Vladimir Svyatoslavich the Great, also sometimes spelled Volodymer Old East Slavic: Володимеръ Святославичь (c. 958 - 15 July 1015, Berestovo) was the grand prince or duke of Kiev who converted to Christianity in 988[1][2][3], and proceeded to baptise the whole Kievan Rus'. His name may be spelled in different ways: in modern Ukrainian as Volodymyr (Володимир), in Old Church Slavonic and modern Russian as Vladimir (Владимир), in Old Norse as Valdamarr and the modern Scandinavian languages as Valdemar.
Burial: Church Of The Tithes, Kiev, Kiev, Ukrain.
Vladimir Svyatoslavich who married Rogneda of Polotsk (see map above right). Born 962 AD, Polotsk, Byelo, Russia. Died 1002


Vladimir Svyatoslavich father: Sviatoslav I (Wiki) Ancestry.com


Vladimir Svyatoslavich Grandfather: Igor of Kiev, m. Olga of Kiev.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Igor, Grand Prince of Kiev) Jump to: navigation, search Igor of Kiev, first from right. Illumination from the Radziwiłł ChronicleIgor (Old East Slavic/Russian: Игорь, Old Norse: Ingvar, Ukrainian: Ігор) was a Varangian ruler of Kievan Rus from 912 to 945.

Biography
Very little is known about him from the Primary Chronicle. It has been speculated that the chroniclers chose not to enlarge on his reign, as the region was dominated by Khazaria at that time.[citation needed] That he was Rurik's son is also questioned on chronological grounds. He twice besieged Constantinople, in 941 and 944, and in spite of his fleet being destroyed by Greek fire, concluded with the Emperor a favourable treaty whose text is preserved in the chronicle. In 913 and 944, the Rus plundered the Arabs in the Caspian Sea during the Caspian expeditions of the Rus, but it's not clear whether Igor had anything to do with these campaigns. Drastically revising the chronology of the Primary Chronicle, Constantine Zuckerman argues that Igor actually reigned for three years, between summer 941 and his death in early 945. He explains the epic 33-year span of his reign in the chronicle by its author's faulty interpretation of Byzantine sources.[1] Indeed, none of Igor's activity are recorded in the chronicle prior to 941. Prince Igor Exacting Tribute from the Drevlyans, by Klavdiy Lebedev (1852-1916).Igor was killed while collecting tribute from the Drevlians in 945 (Leo the Deacon describes how Igor met his death: "They had bent down two birch trees to the prince’s feet and tied them to his legs; then they let the trees straighten again, thus tearing the prince’s body apart."[2]) and revenged by his wife, Olga of Kiev. The Primary Chronicle blames his death on his own excessive greed, indicating that he was attempting to collect tribute a second time in a month. As a result, Olga changed the system of tribute gathering (poliudie) in what may be regarded as the first legal reform recorded in Eastern Europe.


Visit my RnD page on this connection


Rurik Rurik I Grand Duke of KIEV. The Russian Viking
Flag of Russia

Have lineage, verified all but one in the list. Rurik connects to the Russian Tsars.View Rurik RnD page.
Right now Rurik is a 3rd Great Grandfather of wife of 23rd Great Grandfather.
Married Efenda (Edvina) Grand Duchess Of NOVGOROD



In 2009, Roy had a Relationship Chart from Ancestry listing Anna of Prussia connection. Roy spent weeks verifying each and every name except for one; 'LAF'. Supposedly daughter of Halfdan Olafsson (704-750), wife of Olaf Gudrodsson II b. 770 Vestfold. There was great indication that this lineage and chart was WRONG. Hence, Roy has left Anna as unconfirmed...until now. Note Elizabeth/Elisaveta's father, that of Yarolslav I. Now it was VERY hard following the Russian lineage as many have the same name.

Now being related to the Russian TSARs of that era is IMHO not a great thing. Again, "we cannot pick and choose who are our ancestors".

King Harald "the Ruthless" Sigurdsson - Stellan Skarsgård
King Harald "the Ruthless" Sigurdsson our Great Grandfather,
portrayed by Stellan Skarsgård
1066 The Movie Facebook

Harald_III_of_Norway

Kiev Map
Map of Kiev (Russia) 1200AD Now Independent Ukraine
Click to enlarge

Ukraine Coat of Arms

Watch for the upcoming movie
1066 Co-staring our Great Grandfather.
Trailer NOW available!

Battle of Hastings
The Battle of Hastings by Tom Lovell



Hastings, England

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Yaroslav I the Wise 1019

Yaroslav I the Wise

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




Vladimir Svyatoslavich

Rogneda Princess Of POLOTSK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rurik Russian Viking
Rurik I

24th Great Grandfather
(Christopherson, I. Einarsdottir, Einarson, Sigvaldson, Branch)
Brúsi Sigurðsson
Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland
Earl of Orkney
Orkney island

Brúsi Sigurðsson, great grandson of our 21st GGF, Magnus III "The Bare-Footed" OLAFSSON, slain in battle on 24 Aug 1103.
One source doubts relations with Vikings and descrepancies with names. This will require the most research of all family ties.Brúsi Sigurðsson BRUCE (BRUS, BRUSI, BRUSEE)
The first Bruce to go to Normandy, had left Orkney, where his forbears had been earls, or jarls, since the fifth generation from their earliest known ancestor Sveide, of Upland, a Viking, circa 760, who ruled until he died, and thereafter his descendants for three generations lived in Denmark and Norway, one Sigurd, becoming the first Earl of Orkney. For six more generations, these hardy men fought by land and sea, when another Sigurd, the seventh Earl, married for his second wife Olith or Thora, daughter of Malcolm II, king of Scotland, and his grandson married as his second wife, Felicia, daughter of Robert Duke of Normandy, her brother being William the Conqueror. Their second son was named Brusi, or Robert de Brusee who first went to Norway, but before long attached himself to the service of his maternal grandfather, and settled in Normandy, where he became eminent and powerful in that Court; being Councillor to Robert I, Duke of Normandy, the grandfather referred to, built the Castle of “la Brusee or Bruis”, now Brix, which became “the Crade of the royal house of Scotland,” and married Emma, daughter of Alain, Earl of Brittany. Again after six generations the three last having been barons of Annandale, and all but two named Robert, came,...
SOURCE 1: An interesting account is found in Florence Van Rensselaer, The Livingston Family in America and Its Scottish Origins, New York, 1949, pages 30 and 31:
Source 2

25th GREAT GRANDMOTHER
Donalda or Donada 'Anleta' / 'Thora' (ingen Maíl Coluim meic Cináeda),
mother of Brúsi Sigurðsson
Princess Of SCOTLAND
Flag of Scotland

Donalda was born Abt 986, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland. Died November 25, 1034 Scotland.
A.K.A. Anleta (Thora Donada) and Donalda MACKENNETH,
Married Finlaech (Findlaech) Mormaer and and Sigurd II "Digri" HLODVERSSON26th GREAT GRANDFATHER
Donalda's father was Malcolm II (Melkolf) MACKENNETH,
KING OF SCOTLAND Abt. 958 AD at Glamus Castle, Angus, Angushire, Scotland
Interesting book at Amazon might be Macbeth the King, Donalda's other son, MacBeth , formally known as Mac Bethad mac Findlaích, King of Scots (1005 - 1057) [1]
Cool videos on Scotland

Brian Boru
, Bet. 926 AD–941 AD (GUDRUN STONESON CHRISTOPHERSON BRANCH)
was the husband of mother-in-law of great grandson of great grandfather of son of 19th great grandmother, Gudny Bodvardottir of Roy. Yes, very convoluted.
High King of Ireland, Emperor of the Irish.
The Battle of Clontarf
Relationship Chart to Boru (Bruce)

995 Olaf Tryggvason returned to Norway and claimed throne.
Death of Erik the Victorious of Sweden. Succeeded by son, Olof Skotkonung.

1000 Olaf Tryggvason killed by a Dano-Swedish alliance battle of Svold.

1002 King AEthelred II of England ordered massacre of all Danes in England on St. Brice's Day.

1013 Svein Forkbeard of Denmark received submission of English.

1014 Death of Svein Forkbeard.
King AEthelred II returned from exile in Normandy, and Cnut left for Denmark.
Battle of Clontarf fought near Dublin, Ireland, on Good Friday. Irish high king, Brian Boru, killed.
Source: The A to Z of the Vikings By Katherine Holman

Scandinavian accounts of the Norse settlement in Scotland and the outlying islands is contradictory. Sources such as Egils saga Skallagrimssonar suggest that the original Viking settlers were fleeing the persecutions of King Harald hárfagri Hálfdanarson ("Harald Fairhair"):

Once he'd gained full control of the provinces that had just come into his hands, Harald kept a sharp eye on the landed men and rich farmers, and anyone else he might expect trouble from. He gave them a choice of three things. They could swear loyalty, or they could leave the coutry, but if they chose the third, they could resign themselves to the most savage terms, perhaps even death. There were cases where Harald people's arms and legs hacked off. In every province, Harald took over both farming land and estates, whether they were inhabited or not, even the sea and the lakes. Every farmer and every forester had to become his tenant, every salt-maker and every hunter on land or sea had to pay taxes to him. Many a man went on the run from this tyranny and many a wilderness became inhabited, both east in Jamtaland and Halsingland and west, in the Hebrides, as well as the parts around Dublin in ireland, Normandy in France, Caithness in Scotland, Orkney, Shetland and the Faroes. And that's when Iceland was discovered. (Egils saga Skallagrimssonar, Chapter 4)

Archaeology and other sources show, however, that the original settlement of the Vikings in parts of Scotland and the North Atlantic islands in many cases began earlier, and was a part of the often violent conquest and settlement of the Vikings outside of their Scandinavian homeland.

Source: Viking Answer Lady

Scottish Princess
Scottish Princess by HolidayIts
Maybe Donalda lookied like this. Guess Roy needs
to start creating his own artwork of his ancestors.
Malcolm II
Malcolm II of Scotland

Brian Boru

25th GGF (ALL 4 Family Branches)
Sigurd II "Digri" HLODVERSSON
SCOTLAND
Flag of Scotland

Born Abt. 960 AD, Orkney Islands, Scotland.
d. 23 Apr 1014, Féll í orrustunni um Clontarf, Dublin á Írlandi (Ireleand). Fell at Clontarf.
died 23 April 1014 Battle of Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland
buried Burial Mound, Hofry, Caithness, Scotland
14th Jarl of Orkney & Caithness.
Kenneth II was his Father-In-Law, who was King of Alba. Sigurd, seventh Earl of Orkney, who about 995 embraced Christianity; married secondly Olith, Alice or Thora, daughter of Malcolm II King of Scotland. He was converted from paganism by King Olaf Tryggvison of Norway who came on an expedition to Orkney and baptized all the people of the Orkneys. He fought in several wars, and went in 1014 to Ireland where he was killed in the great combat at Clontarf 23 April 1014.
If Sigurd who married a daughter of Malcolm II of Scotland was an ancestor of later Bruces, it is strange they didn't mention it when claiming the throne. Perhaps they didn't know about this descent? Or perhaps this part of the list
is not a genealogy but just a list of the ancient Earls of Orkney?
(source)(source)

On the Earldom of Caithness: Around the close of the first millennium the territory in the northernmost part of Scotland over which the Earls of Caithness later held sway was frequently divided in two, each part being in the possession of different Norse Jarls or Earls of Orkney, though each Jarl seems to have been a member of the same extended family. The Earldom (as it came to be called) of Orkney and that of Caithness differed to a certain extent in that the former was held of the Kings of Norway while the latter was held of the Kings of Scots. This meant that different customs were observed in each territory, specifically in the case of the Earldoms that the Orkney one was held jointly while the Caithness one was only sometimes so held. The Earldom of Caithness could be (and frequently was) disposed of by the Kings of Scots to different persons in the lifetime of the original grantee or grantee's heir, either jointly or solely, which makes it pointless, however tempting, to assign any ordinal numbering to the Earldom at this time. [Burke's Peerage] -------------------------
NORSE PREDECESSORS of the EARLS of ORKNEY -
subject to King of Norway until after 1379 Sigurd II Digri, as Jarl of Orkney and Caithness, In the winter of 988-89 he went from Hrossey (Pomona or Mainland of Orkney) to Caithness in order to fight Earl Hundi and Earl Melsnati, who had slain his brother-in-law Havard, his Steward for Caithness, at Freswick, and he defeated them at Dungalspeak. Melsnati was killed and Hundi fled and was pursued "until they learned that Malcolm, the Scottish King, was collecting an army at Duncansby." Before 995 Sigurd defeated "Findlaech, the Earl of the Scots," at the second battle of Skidmoor in Caithness, and in return for their support gave back to his Orkneymen the udal rights which they had surrendered to his great-grandfather, Jarl Turf-Einar, in the summer of (?) 895. At this time, in addition to Orkney, Shetland and Caithness, he had "this dominion in Scotland, Ross and Moray, Sutherland and the Dales," and "laid a tax on the inhabited lands of Man." He frequently engaged in piracy among the Sudreys and on the coasts of Scotland and Ireland.In 995 under great pressure from Olaf Tryggvesson, who was on his way to become King of Norway (995-1000), Sigurd and the Orkneymen accepted baptism. He made an alliance with King Olaf Tryggvesson, in virtue of which the payment of tribute to Norway on the udal lands in Orkney was discontinued; and after his son Hundi-Hiodve’s death, while a hostage in Norway, he paid no allegiance to the King. He made alliance with Sihtric Silkbeard, King of Dublin (who came to Hrossey before Yule 1013), against Brian, High King of Ireland (1002-1014), who had married Sihtric’s mother, Gormflaeth (da. of Morugh MacFinn, King of Leinster (?) 965-972). By this alliance, which was instigated by Gormflaeth, who was "bitter against King Brian," King Sihtric agreed that if they killed King Brian, Sigurd should marry Gormflaeth and be High King of Ireland. Sigurd landed at Dublin on Palm Wednesday (21 Apr. 1014] and was killed at the battle of Clontarf on Good Friday [23 Apr. 1014].He had three sons by an unnamed mother or mothers: Somerled, Brusi and Einar Rangmund (Wrymouth). By Donada, dau. of Malcolm MacKenneth, King of Scots, whom he m. probably in or after 1005, he had a 4th son, Thorfinn, who was b. circa 1009. Sigurd, who had left his three elder sons to rule Orkney, when he started for Dublin, was suc. in Orkney by all three, who divided the Earldom among themselves; but Caithness and Sutherland were seized by King Malcolm MacKenneth for (their half-brother) his grandson Thorfinn whom he created Earl of Caithness in 1014, and he "set men to govern the dominion with him." [Complete Peerage, X:Appendix A:8-9]source

1. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999 Page: 170-182. Text: Sigurd II Earl of Orkney Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999 Page: 469 3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000 Page: X:A:8-9 4. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999 Page: 469 Text: 1014cited in Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England, published online by the University of Cambridge, UK at http://www.asnc.cam.ac.uk/pase.

Lineage to the Scots Flag of Scotland
20th GGM - Þóra Magnúsdóttir (direct descendant of Harald Fairhair)
21st GGF - Magnus III "The Bare-Footed" OLAFSSON
22nd GGM - Þóra Rögnvaldsdóttir (Drottning í Noregi / Queen of Norway), Þóra married to Olaf III "The Tranquil" HARALDSSON, son of King Harald III of Norway
23rd GGF - Rögnvaldur Brúsason (19th Jarl of ORKNEY)
24th GGF - Brúsi Sigurðsson (16th Jarl of ORKNEY, General, Army of King of Olaf, Norway
25th GGM - Anleta (Thora Donada) MACKENNETH (Princess Of SCOTLAND) and Sigurd II "Digri" HLODVERSSON, and married Finlaech (Findlaech) Mormaer
26th GGF - Malcolm II (Melkolf) MACKENNETH (KING OF SCOTLAND)
27th GGF - Kenneth II (King of Alba)
28th GGF - Malcolm I or Mael Coluim (King of Scotland)
29th GGF - Donald VI (King of Scotland)
30th GGF - Constantine I or Causantin (King of Scotland)
31st GGF - Kenneth I (King of Scotland)
32nd GGF - Alpin (Became king 858 in Scotland )
33rd GGF - Eochaidh "the Poisonous" (King of Dalriada)
12 generations
45th GGF - Eochaid Muinremur, Abt. 380 AD, Dalraida, Northern Ireland

Family tree list continues here discovered 10/27/17

Article: Intact Viking boat burial found in Scotland http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/13212

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Kenneth_II_of_Scotland

Along with our Irish Great Great GM, Isabella Slemins/Slimmons, who married William Stewart Taylor
26th GGM (Christopherson, I. Einarsdottir, S.Gudbrandsdottir, Sigvaldson Branch)
Princess Melkorka Mýrkjartansdóttir
IRISH

Abducted daughter of Mýrkjartan, King of Ireland
Born Abt. 900 AD
The loot that Vikings desired was anything of value that was compact enough to carry on-board their ships. That included gold and silver, but also included iron tools and weapons, as well as clothing and food, all valuable items. Captured livestock was often slaughtered on the spot to provide fresh food for the raiders. Another form of valuable taken in raids were people, to be sold as slaves. The sagas provide few details of this kind of booty, but in chapter 13 of Laxdæla saga, Melkorka Mýrkjartansdóttir says she was taken as war booty when she was fifteen years old. (http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/society/text/raids.htm) .

The Laxdaela Saga names Rafarta as his daughter - married Eyving the Easterling. (AKA Rafertach [Rafarta Nic Cerbhal])

The Celtic Connection
According to research done by third cousin Kristjan Helgi Sveinsson of Blomsturvellir, Akureyri, Iceland, when the experts conducted DNA tests on the Icelandic people, biological results showed that we are 50% Irish/Scottish, in other words Celtic, and 50% Scandinavian. We have very few examples in the settlements records. One of them is the mother of Helgi "magri" Eyvindsson. She was Princess Rafarta Kjarvalsdottir, wife of Eyvindur "eastman" Bjarnason in Dublin. Her father was King Cearbhal (800-883) of Ossory in Ireland and, during his last eight years, also in Dublin. This, says Kristjan Helgi, is our Irish blood, so strong in Eyjafjordur that music and singing remain as a common trait among us today, and storytelling is there, too. (source: http://www.joan-eyolfson-cadham.ca/connect.htm)

Read more about her in CH 12 & 12 here.

About the first rendering to the right by Roy Christopherson
Irish Princess Melkorka Mykjartansdottir, Abducted daughter of Myrkjartan, King of Ireland.
This is how Roy envisioned Melkorka would might have lived had Roy's 25th Great Grandfather, Hoskuldur Kollsson, son of Kollur, had not abducted her during a viking raid about 900 AD.
Okay, so Roy embellished it a bit. They did not have shields like the one hanging on the pillar. Actually the early Irish warriors did not use armor, they felt it would just slow a warrior down. They did have small shields about 12" in diameter. The guards (pictured in full size version) probably would not have been wearing Kilts, as they were made popular only recently. The Celtic Cross could have been around back then and since the experts do not know 'exactly' what is the crosses origin or who designed it, seemed the best I could find to add to her throne of skulls. And finally the Lochaber axe (not pictured) was a halberd that came into use in Scotland around 1300, not Ireland in 900. Just means they have not found evidence of them. Let Roy know what you think of the artwork.
Roy

Melkorka is the name given in Landnámabók and Laxdœla saga for the Irish mother of the Icelandic goði Ólafr Höskuldsson. According to Laxdœla saga, Höskuldr purchased a Melkorka, who he believed to be a mute thrall-woman, from a Rus' merchant on Brännö while on a trading expedition to Norway, and made her his concubine while away from his wife Jórunn Bjarnadóttir. When Höskuldr returned home to Iceland, he took her with him. Despite Jórunn's irritation, the concubine was accepted into Höskuldr's household, though he remained faithful to Jórunn while in Iceland. The following winter the concubine gave birth to a son, to whom they gave the name Ólafr after Höskuldr's uncle, Ólafr Feilan, who had recently died. Landnámabók mentions that Höskuldr and Melkorka had another son, Helgi, but he does not appear in Laxdœla. According to Laxdœla saga, Ólafr was a precocious child, and could speak and walk perfectly by the age of two. One day Höskuldr discovered Ólafr's mother speaking to her son; she was not, in fact, mute. When he confronted her she told him that she was an Irish princess named Melkorka carried off in a viking raid, and that her father was an Irish king named "Myrkjartan" (Muirchertach).[5] Shortly thereafter squabbling between Jórunn and Melkorka forced Höskuldr to move his concubine and his son by her to a different farm, which thereafter was known as Melkorkustaðir. Source: WIKIPEDIA

Irish Princess by Roy
© 2011 Irish Princess by Roy Einar Christopherson aka Lone Wolf
What Roy imagines his Great Grandmother might have looked like
had she not been kidnapped then bought by Hoskuldur Kollsson.

Rated PG
Click above to view full image


Irish princess
http://members.virtualtourist.com/m/tt/b0425/

Want to own your own viking?
Saga Design

Mel
Melkorka Mýrkjartansdóttir, Photo by Brian McMorrow from The Saga Museum
Saga Museum Logo
Visit the Saga Museum
when in Iceland
,
Location

Cousin Mike and Roy had a jolly good time there
Highly recommend

26th GREAT GRANDPARENTS (ALL BRANCHES)
Guðríður Þorbjarnardóttir,
ICELANDIC
Flag of Iceland Born abt. 980 AD, Around the year 1000, Gudrid Thorbjarnardottir was surely the most widely travelled woman in the world, and would remain so for another five hundred years.Gudrid was in every way the equal of the men who crossed the seas in their swift Viking ships and explored the entire Western hemisphere.Gudrid was born in Iceland, married in Greenland, gave birth to a son in North America, travelled to Norway, farmed in Iceland and made a pilgrimage on foot to Rome, before ending her days as a nun and anchoress in Iceland. She was a formidable, independent-minded woman, who fashioned her fate with her own hands, and with modesty took her place among the great female heroes of history. (1)
Guðríður had given birth to the first European born in the New World – her son Snorri. Thorfinn was the hardy lady's second husband, her first having been Thorgeirr the Norwegian. Thorfinn died in Vinland. When Gudrid returned at last to Greenland and then to Iceland she disdained further marriage, made a pilgrimage to Rome, on return from which, with her considerable wealth, she founded a church and cloister at Glaumby, a farmstead in Iceland's north. (2)
Her name appears in “The Saga of the Greenlanders” and “The Saga of Eirik the Red“:Þorfinnur "karlsefni" Þórðarson
Flag of USA

b. Abt. 975 AD, Thórfinn Thordarson, “Karlsefni” (Þórfinnr Þórdarson, nicknamed “Karlsefni,” The Makings of a Man”)Often referred to by his nickname only, Karlsefni was a well-to-do Icelander, a member of the elite of the country, who owned a merchant ship with his partner, Snorri Thorbrandsson. The two partners brought this ship from Norway to Greenland to sell their goods there. Arriving late in the season, they were forced to overwinter at Brattahlid where Karlsefni met and married Gudrid Thorbjarnardaughter, widow of Thorsten Eiriksson.Karlsefni was the leader of the third Vinland expedition in The Saga of the Greenlanders. Alternatively, according to Eirik the Red’s Saga, his was the only expedition undertaken.After his Vinland venture, Karlsefni returned to Iceland. The date of his death is unknown. The location of his estate is debated. Eirik the Red’s saga says that it was Reynisnes, The Saga of the Greenlanders that it was Glaumbær.Karlsefni and Gudrid had at least two children, Snorri, the oldest and born in Vinland, and Thorbjörn, born in Iceland. Their descendants can be traced down to the present day in Iceland and Canada.
Read Hauk’s Book and "The Saga of the Greenlanders"
One summer Karlsefni fitted out his ship, and purposed a voyage to Greenland. Snorri Thorbrandson, of Alptefjord, went with him, and there were forty men in the ship. There was a man hight Bjarne Grimolfson, of Breidafjord; another hight Thorhall Gamalason, an Eastfjordish man; they fitted out their ship the same summer for Greenland; there were also forty men in the ship. Karlsefni and the others put to sea with these two ships, so soon as they were ready. Nothing is told about how long they were at sea, but it is to be related that both these ships came to Eriksfjord in the autumn. Erik(Leif) rode to the ship together with several of the inhabitants, and they began to deal in a friendly manner. (1)
Snorri Thorfinnsson, son of Gudridur Thorbjarnardóttir and Thorfinnur karlsefni, was a farmer at Glaumbaer in 11th century. According to the Sagas, the first known inhabitants of Glaumbær lived here in the 11th century. They are mentioned in the Saga of the Greenlanders, which tells of the explorers Leifur Eiriksson and his brother Thorsteinn, sons of Eirik the Red, of Thorsteinn’s wife Gudridur Thorbjarnardóttir, her second husband Thorfinnur Karlsefni and their son, Snorri. Gudridur Thorbjarnardóttir is mentioned both in the Saga of the Greenlanders and in the Saga of Eirik the Red. Gudridur, a granddaughter of an Irish freedman, was born in the 10th century in Snæfellsnes in western Iceland. She emigrated to the Icelandic settlement in Greenland founded by Eirik the Red, and married his son Thorsteinn, who soon died. The young widow then married Thorfinnur karlsefni, a merchant and a farmer from Stadur in Reynines (now Reynistadur), Skagafjördur.

Gudridur and Thorfinnur explored Vínland (somewhere in North America), which had been discovered by Leifur Eiriksson, Gudridur’s former brother-in-law. They stayed there at least one winter, and planned to settle permanently. Their son, Snorri, was born in the New World. Due to conflict with the aboriginal inhabitants, they did not remain there long, but returned to Iceland. Initially they lived at Thorfinnur’s old home at Reynines. They may have then purchased the estate of Glaumbær, shortly after 1010, and settled there but this is not certain, but after Thorfinnur’s day, Snorri took over the estate, and he farmed at Glaumbaer. Gudridur decided to make a pilgrimage to the Pope in Rome. Snorri had a church built in his mother’s absence, the first known to have stood at Glaumbær (Iceland adopted the Christian religion in AD 1000). On her return Gudridur became an anchoress, living in solitary worship. (2)

The First Farmer
Gudridur Thorbjarnardóttir and Thorfinnur Karlsefni

Gudridur
Gudridur and Snorri

Porfinnur
Þorfinnur "karlsefni" Þórðarson

29th GREAT GRANDPARENT (NEW)
Þorgrímur Grímólfsson
NORWEGIAN
Norway Flag

Þorgrímur Grímólfsson was born Abt. 885 AD in Ogdum, , Rogaland, Norway. His sons were settlers in Iceland. While Roy could add thousands of Great Grandparents with some titles or occupation, sadly there are more that have only a name and perhaps a date of bith. Some do not even list their spouses name. Consider how some families cannot even go beyond one or two generations back.
We are very fortunate for the literature and Sagas past down generation to generation. One thing lacking is the ability to take all the data Roy has collected and sort by occupation, country of origin, etc.

Þorgrímur Grímólfsson father was Grímólfur, which Roy had as Unknown by Halfdan.
Hmm, this source is from an Individual, so take with a grain of salt.

Now wife's father's name seems familiar.
Kormlóður Kjarvelsdottir Maccearbhall, b. Abt 850, of, , , , Iceland , d. Yes, date unknown
source

 

There are so many infamous family members it's hard to pick just one. Here is one of Roy's favorites.

(Relationship: Christopherson Branch 23rd GGF> Sigurdur,
25th GGF to Einar Einarson, his wife Soffia - 25th,
25th GGF to Gudrun Aradottir, wife of Arni Sigvaldson, is related couple marriages. possible Roy just not have the descendants listed.)
Arni Sigvaldson (do not have connection except through wife - research.
25th GGF of Stone Stoneson. 25th GGF of Ingibjörg Einarsdóttir.
Sigurdur (hence Roy and relatives are Paternally related, meaning Father to Father, with no marriages).

29th GREAT GRANDPARENT
Ingólfr Arnarson
NORWEGIAN
Norway Flagviking


Ingólfr Arnarson (modern Icelandic Ingólfur Arnarson), Birth and death dates unknown. Born abt. 840
NORWEGIAN Ingólfur Arnarson, first Icelandic settler of Iceland, There were others at the island, like the Irish monks, Ingólfur settled it and brought many relatives and countrymen to Iceland, landing in the South East and relocating to the harbor which is now the Capital. If the branches correct, Roy is a direct male descendant of Ingólfr.
Thanks to the sagas, the story of Reykjavik can be traced back over 12 centuries. The Book of Settlers recalls the colourful tale of the city's first resident, Ingolfur Arnason. The Norwegian farmer sought new opportunities after a trypical Viking feud left him persona non grata in Norway (he'd lost his estate to the family of a man he killed). He consulted the earlier reports of Floki on the possibilities in Iceland. Findings conditions agreeable enough, Ingolfur sailed back to Norway and consulted an oracle, which confirmed that his destiny did in fact lie in Iceland. And so in 874 AD, Ingolfur set off with his family and that of his brother-in-law Hjorleif (Leif the Sword), nortorious for his merciless ransacking of Ireland. When Ingolfur caught sight of Iceland, he threw his two "high-seat pillars (chair back) into the sea, making an oath to the Norse gods that he would settle wherever they came to rest. Then he landed his own ship at a cape in southeast Iceland - still known as Ingolfshofdi and commanded his two trusty slaves Vifill and Karli to walk westward along the coast of Iceland until they located the omen. Three years later, the exhausted hikers found the two carved pillars washed ashore inside a small bay Ingolfur named the bay Reykjavik or 'smokey bay' for the plumes of steam that floated up out of the ground. He most likely accepted the geothermal activity as a plus, attributing the gods' forsight and direction though one of his slaves disagreed. After three years of trekking through some of Iceland's more breathtaking landscapes, Karli wondered aloud as to why they should end up in such a forsaken spot as this. he ran away with an Irish slave woman and settled near Olfusa River in the southwest. Ingolfur let it go, then granted Vifill his freedom to do the same.

From Wikipedia, The title of this article is an Icelandic name; the last name is a patronymic or matronymic, not a family name; this person is properly referred to by the given name Gissur. Gissur Ísleifsson served in the diocese of Skálholt Gissur Ísleifsson (1042—1118) was an Icelandic clergyman, who, in 1082, became the second Catholic bishop of Iceland in the aftermath of the adoption of Christianity by the island's inhabitants 82 years earlier in the year 1000. Following in the footsteps of his father, Ísleifur Gissurarson, Iceland's first bishop, who established the initial episcopal see at the family homestead in Skálholt and served from 1056 until his death in 1080, Gissur Ísleifsson continued his mission at Skálholt for the next 36 years, with his own death coming in the year of his 76th birthday. Thus began Reykjavik (2)


33rd GREAT GRANDPARENT
Hróðmundur Gripsson
NORWEGIAN
Telemark Norway Norway Flagviking

Hróðmundur Gripsson great grandson was Ingolfur Arnason who settled half of Iceland and also our Great grandfather in a direct male lineage through Roy's grandfather; Kjartan Christopherson. Hróðmundur Gripsson was probably born in Norway. His son, Björnólfur Hróðmundsson lived at Þelamörk / Telemark (county of Norway). Hróðmundur was born about 740 AD. Crazy huh. His grandson Örn Björnólfsson was a Ruler/Military Leader at DalsFjord? in Norway (Hersir í Dalsfirði í Noregi.) NOTE: ..."HERSIR" we have left untranslated because we know no English term whereby to render it properly...in Norway the title of hersir pointed especially to the secular character of the ruler of men in a defined herath... Soffia and Gudbrandur Einarson are related to Hróðmundur Gripsson. So Ingolfur is related to both families as well as Arngrimur Jonsson
source: email from Roy to the family, orig source: see Notes here.

Ingolfur
Painting by Johan Peter Raadsig (1806–1882)

Ingolfur
Photo by Brian McMorrow - The Saga Museum

Ingolfur Map in Norway
Ingolfur Arnarson's Father's home in Norway

Husband of 25th Great Grand Aunt
Flóki Vilgerðarson
NORWEGIAN
Flag of Norway

Flóki Vilgerðarson, also known as Hrafna-Flóki (Raven-Flóki),
husband of our 25th Great Grand Aunt. born Abt. 880 AD.
He saw Iceland but did not settle.
His wife, Gró Bjarnardóttir goes back to mythical kings, Ráðbarður Valdarson, b. Abt. 630 AD af Garderige (Rusland).
He was amongst the first Norsemen to find Iceland.
"There was a man by the name Flóki Vilgerðarson. He was a great Viking. He left to find Garðarshólmur" -- Landnámabók
According to the story told in Landnámabók, he took three ravens to help him find his way. Thus, he was nicknamed Raven-Floki (Icelandic: Hrafna-Flóki). Flóki set his ravens free near the Faroe Islands. The first raven flew back on board. The second flew up in the air and then returned to the ship. However, the third flew in front of the ship and they followed its direction to Iceland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ScottishViking

Raven
Raven - a symbol said to be on a flag

Floki
Floki and his two Ravens - Visit The Saga Museum

William the Conqueror
3rd Great Grandson of 27th GREAT GRANDFATHER
NORMAN

William was born in 1027 or 1028 at Falaise, Normandy, most likely towards the end of 1028. He was the only son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy, son of Richard II, Duke of Normandy.[d] His mother, Herleva, was the daughter of Fulbert of Falaise; Fulbert may have been a tanner or embalmer.[9] She was possibly a member of the ducal household, but did not marry Robert.[2] Instead, she later married Herluin de Conteville, with whom she had two sons – Odo of Bayeux and Robert, Count of Mortain – and a daughter whose name is unknown.[e] One of Herleva's brothers, Walter, became a supporter and protector of William during his minority. Robert also had a daughter, Adelaide of Normandy, by another mistress. (Wiki)

The army of Duke William of Normandy had a large number of trained warriors or mercernaries who fought with him for a share of the spoils of war.
It had a strength of 8,400 soldiers consisting of 2,200 cavalry, 1,700 archers and 4,500 infantry (men-at-arms). The archers would first attack the enemy, and would be followed by the infantry and a cavalry charge.The strength of the English army was 7,500 and consisted entirely of infantry. Of these , about 2,000 were Housecarls, full time professional soldiers who were dedicated to the King of England and would fight to the last man. The rest of the army were 5,500 fyrd, who were part time soldiers drawn from small landholding nobility. [1]

They are making a movie about his battle titled 1066, due after 15 November 2010

June 2015: Our 3rd cousin under Anna Taylor through the Merrymans is related by marriage.


William the Conqueror
Six Duke of Normandy statue in the Falaise town square(Pinterest)

Not Direct Relation
Robert I, a.k.a. Robert the Magnificent
Duke of Normandy
2rd Great Grandson of 27th GREAT GRANDFATHER

Robert the Magnificent (French: le Magnifique)[a] (22 June 1000 – 1–3 July 1035), was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert I. He was the father of William the Conqueror who became in 1066 King of England and founded the House of Normandy.
(Wiki)

Robert I
Six Duke of Normandy statue in the Falaise town square
by Michael Shea (Wiki)
Not Direct Relation
Richard II Duke of Normandy
Duke of Normandy
Great Grandson of 27th GREAT GRANDFATHER
Not Direct Relation (Wiki)
Born 23 August 963. Died 28 August 1026, called the Good (French: Le Bon).
He was a Norman nobleman of the House of Normandy.
Richard II was eldest son and heir of Richard I the Fearless and Gunnora

Richard succeeded his father as Duke of Normandy in 996.[1] During his minority, the first five years of his reign, his regent was Count Ralph of Ivrea, his uncle, who wielded the power and put down a peasant insurrection at the beginning of Richard's reign.

Richard II
Six Duke of Normandy statue in the Falaise town square
by Michael Shea (Wiki)

Richard 1, a.k.a. Richard the Fearless
Duke of Normandy

Grandson of 27th GREAT GRANDFATHER
NORMAN
Son of William I

Richard 1, Duke of Normandy (born 28 August 933, in Fécamp Normandy, France died November 20, 996, in Fécamp) was the Duke of Normandy from 942 to 996; he is considered the first to actually have held that title. He was called Richard the Fearless (French, Sans Peur).
Richard's father was William I of Normandy, ruler of Normandy, and his wife, Sprota. He was still a boy when his father died in 942. His mother was a Breton concubine captured in war and bound to William by a Danish marriage. After William died, Sprota became the wife of Esperleng, a wealthy miller; Rodulf of Ivry was their son and Richard's half-brother.

Not Direct Relation
Emma of Normandy

Great Granddaughter of 26th Great Grandfather
Emma (c. 985 – March 6, 1052 in Winchester, Hampshire), was a daughter of Richard the Fearless, Duke of Normandy, by his second wife Gunnora. She was Queen consort of the Kingdom of England twice, by successive marriages: first as the second wife to Æthelred the Unready of England (1002–1016); and then as a second wife to Cnut the Great of Denmark (1017–1035). Two of her sons, one by each husband, and two stepsons, also by each husband, became kings of England, as did her great-nephew, William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy.

Richard the Fearless
Richard 1
Six Duke of Normandy statue in the Falaise town square
by Michael Shea (Wiki)

Son of 26th GREAT GRANDFATHER
William I Longsword
(French: Guillaume Longue-Épée, Latin: Willermus Longa Spata, Scandinavian: Vilhjálmr Langaspjót,
a.k.a. William the Longswords or William I
NORMAN

Son of Hrolf Ganger of Normandy (see below)
Father of Richard 1, a.k.a. Richard the Fearless
Source1: Wikipedia
Source 2: see Chapter XV Conquest of England by the Normans,
Title: A Popular History of France
Source 3: Military History Companion: William 'the Conqueror'

Nicknames: "William I Longsword", "Guillaume Longue-Épée", "William Langaspjót", "Vilhelm", "Wilhelm Langsværd", "Willem I van Normandië", "Langzwaard", "Espada Longa", "Vilhelm Långsvärd", "Longue Epbee", "Longsword", "Longue /Epaee/" Place of Burial: Rouen Cathedral, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France Birthdate: July 30, 900 Birthplace: Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France Death: Died December 17, 942 in Island Picquigny, Somme River, Normandy, France Occupation: Duke of Normandy, Leader of the Normans, 2ème duc de Normandie (vers 927-942), 2nd Patrician Of Normandy (927- ); Duke Of Brittany, The Channel Islands, The Contentin And The Averanchin, Count of Normandy, DUKE OF NORMANDY, 'LONGSWORD', Jarl of Normandy
Source

Here is a photo of all the statues. William the Conqueror is on the horse. The other dukes are below him, including Rollo.

William Longsword
William Longsword
Six Duke of Normandy statue in the Falaise town square
by Michael Shea (Wiki)

26th Great Grandfather (Christophersons, Einarsdottir (Stonesons), Sigvaldson)
Emily Einarson Enn's 27th GGF
Hrolf Ganger of Normandy
NORWEGIAN VIKING
Norway Flagviking
Rollo of Normandy, a.k.a., Hrolf (Gongu-Hrolfr), Rollon, the Walker, Ganger and Granger Rolf. Hrolf Ganger Of Normandy, Hrólfur "rauðskeggur", Göngu-Hrólfur Rögnvaldsson, Rollo Of Normandy, Count Rollo "The Dane" Rognvaldsson, Rolf Ragnvaldsson.
Born Abt. 846 AD, Maer, Nord-Trondelag , (Norway), died about 929 in (Rouen), Normandy, Neustria (France), and was buried in Notre Dame, Rouen, Normandy, (France).

"Imposes himself as chief of the Vikings settled in the lower Seine region. He repels the Franks, pushing right up to the doors of the Ile-de-France. He attacks Chartres but, repulsed, withdraws again to the Seine. Died about 929 in (Rouen), Normandy, Neustria (France), and was buried in Notre Dame, Rouen, Normandy, (France).

Rollo is the great-great-great-grandfather of William the Conqueror. Through William, he is an ancestor of the present-day British royal family, as well as an ancestor of all current European monarchs and a great many pretenders to abolished European thrones. There are no concrete records of his existence. Information on him comes 200 years later. Roy is in the process of correcting Poppa, wife of Hrolf or as Roy likes to refer to him as Rollo, a.k.a. Rollo the Gangler (Walker) which referred to him to be too large to ride a horse, hence had to walk., Rolf, Hrolf, Rollon, and Rollo, 1st Duke of Normandy.
source

ROLLO's WIFE, POPPA
Cousin Bruce was very interested in Charle when Roy mentioned Poppa, Rollo's supposed wife was listed with incorrect father. The following will continue the connection to Charlagne
I have a finding that Poppa was NOT the daughter of Berengar II of Neustria, she was daughter of Gui, Count of Senlis, "Hence, the best evidence to date seems to indicate that Poppa, wife of Rolf the Ganger, 1st Duke of Normandy, was a daughter of Gui, Count of Senlis and a great X3 granddaughter of Charlemagne." Robert Sewell Gui is related to King of Italy.
Robert's details Source
"The ancestry of Poppa, wife of Rolf the Ganger, 1st Duke of Normandy, seems to have two versions. It now appears that Poppa was a daughter of Gui, Count of Senlis and not a daughter of Count Berenger of Bayeux. This makes Poppa, through her mother, a great granddaughter of King Bernard of Italy (b. 797, d. 818; King of Italy 813 - 817) King Bernard was a grandson of Charlemagne.
" However, a very accessible and highly respected source, Frederick Lewis Weis: Ancestral Roots, Baltimore, 1999, Line 121E - 19 states:  "

GANGER ROLF, "The Viking" (or ROLLO), banished from Norway to the Hebrides ca. 867, 890 participated in Viking attack on Bayeux, where Count Berenger of Bayeux was killed, and his dau. Poppa captured and taken, 886, by Rollo (now called Count of Rouen) as his "Danish" wife. Under Treaty of St. Claire, 911, rec'd the Duchy of Normandy . . ..
end"

Her lineage leads to Charlemagne the Great.
Source Robert Sewell
See this section Generation Sixteen Seigneur Pépin de Peronne
Seigneur Pépin de Peronne Born in 817 Died after 840 Seigneur Pépin was probably the Lord or Count of Peronne and St. Quentin in the Vermandois; an area in Picardy in northern France.
Seigneur Pépin had the following children
> 2nd Child Daughter daughter who married Gui, Count of Senlis
> 2nd Child-daughter; Poppa who married in 886 to Rolf.
Under Rollo - Rolf married first in 886 to Poppa de Valois, a granddaughter of Seigneur Pépin (II), Count of Peronne who was a great grandson of Charlemagne.
Just downloaded "The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom : extant, extinct, or dormant (1910) from here.
Searching through PDF for Gui, Count of Senlis
APR of 2015 Roy continued on this lineage. Taking a break finding 1500AD relatives for cousin Florence.


Rollo's daughter, Æsa Hrólfsdóttir, and our 28th GGM.
Rollo's son, William "Longsword". Rollo was Porsteinn's Father-In-Law and Porsteinn was Ingolfur Arnason's son. Rollo's sons relation is the shakiest as there were illegitimate children, but back then that was not uncommon.

Earlier in the century, Norse raids were in smaller parties, making quick hit and run attacks, and then moving on to other targets. By the last quarter of the century, these had evolved into major campaigns, often with wintering in the ‘host’ country. The motivation was looting rather than conquest, and the populations suffered for this. Nantes, Tours, Orleans, Rouen and Paris were all sacked at one time or another, as were countless other cities.

1st Viking ruler and duke of Normandy (although he never used it), he found ed the duchy of Normandy and established the dynasty of William I the Conqueror. The city of Rouen France was named after him. Rollo left Norway about 875 and marauded his way to Rouen. [1]

Normandy was a region in the northern part of France, just across the English channel. The fiefdom of Normandy was created for the Viking leader Rollo (also known as Richard of Normandy). Rollo had besieged Paris but in 911 entered vassalage to the king of the West Franks Charles the Simple through the Treaty of St.-Claire-sur-Epte. In exchange for his homage and fealty, Rollo legally gained the territory he and his Viking allies had previously conquered. The name "Normandy" reflects Rollo's Viking (i.e. "Northman") origins.
The descendants of Rollo and his followers adopted the local Gallo-Romantic language and intermarried with the area’s previous inhabitants and became the Normans – a Norman French-speaking mixture of Scandinavians, Hiberno-Norse, Orcadians and Anglo-Danish and indigenous Gauls.

Rollo's descendant William, Duke of Normandy became king of England in 1066 while retaining the fiefdom of Normandy for himself and his descendants. In 1204, during the reign of King John, mainland Normandy was taken from England by France under Philip II while insular Normandy (the Channel Islands) remained under English control. In 1259, Henry III of England recognized the legality of French possession of mainland Normandy under the Treaty of Paris . His successors, however, often fought to regain control of mainland French Normandy.Rollo's father was Earl Ragnvald Eysteinsson.More on the region.

 

The Vikings had many able chieftains. One of the most famous was Rollo the Walker, so called because he was such a giant that no horse strong enough to carry him could be found, and therefore he always had to walk. However, he did on foot what few could do on horseback.In 885 seven hundred ships, commanded by Rollo and other Viking chiefs, left the harbors of Norway, sailed to the mouth of the Seine (San), and started up the river to capture the city of Paris.Rollo and his men stopped on the way at Rouen (rö-on’), which also was on the Seine, but nearer its mouth. The citizens had heard of the giant, and when they saw the river covered by his fleet they were dismayed. However, the bishop of Rouen told them that Rollo could be as noble and generous as he was fierce; and he advised them to open their gates and trust to the mercy of the Viking chief. This was done, and Rollo marched into Rouen and took possession of it. The bishop had given good advice, for Rollo treated the people very kindly.Soon after capturing Rouen he left the place, sailed up the river to Paris, and joined the other Viking chiefs. And now for six long miles the beautiful Seine was covered with Viking vessels, which carried an army of thirty thousand men.A noted warrior named Eudes (Ude) was Count of Paris, and he had advised the Parisians to fortify the city. So not long before the arrival of Rollo and his companions, two walls with strong gates had been built round Paris.It was no easy task for even Vikings to capture a strongly walled city. We are told that Rollo and his men built a high tower and rolled it on wheels up to the walls. At its top was a floor well manned with soldiers. But the people within the city shot hundreds of arrows at the besiegers, and threw down rocks, or poured boiling oil and pitch upon them.The Vikings thought to starve the Parisians, and for thirteen months they encamped round the city. At length food became very scarce, and Count Eudes determined to go for help. He went out through one of the gates on a dark, stormy night, and rode post-haste to the king. He told him that something must be done to save the people of Paris.So the king gathered an army and marched to the city. No battle was fought—the Vikings seemed to have been afraid to risk one. They gave up the siege, and Paris was relieved.Rollo and his men went to the Duchy of Burgundy, where, as now, the finest crops were raised and the best of wines were made.......Having been a robber himself, Rollo knew what a shocking thing it was to ravage and plunder, and he determined to change his people’s habits. He made strict laws and hanged robbers. His duchy thus became one of the safest parts of Europe.The Northmen learned the language of the Franks and adopted their religion.The story of Rollo is especially interesting to us, because Rollo was the forefather of that famous Duke of Normandy who, less than a hundred and fifty years later, conquered England and brought into that country the Norman nobles with their French language and customs.[1]

Historical Evidence
"The question of Rollo's Danish or Norwegian origins was a matter of heated dispute between Norwegian and Danish historians of the 19th and early 20th century..." [2]


The local town should use Autodesk 123D and take multiple photos from 3 angles to create a 3-D model of the statue, from a lift.

Through William, Rollo is a direct ancestor and predecessor of the present-day British royal family.


Etch of Grandpa Rollo

Rollo Staue
Statue of Rollo

Rollo the Viking
Statue at Falaise Square, this being Rollo.

Translation by Kormakur Hognason

25th GREAT GRANDPARENT
Örlygur Böðvarsson
NORWEGIAN
Norway Flag
Born Abt. 856 AD Örlygur Böðvarsson was an Icelandic pioneer settler who lived at Hornstrandir.

Örlygur was the son Böðvar Vígsterksson, he left Norway as Harald Fairhair [the first king of Norway] solidified his reign over the country. Örlygur´s wife was Signý Óblauðsdóttir, Óblauður was the son of Ótryggur. Signý was the sister of Högni the white and therefore related to Geirmundur Hellskin Geirmundur was the son of Hjör Hálfsson and Ljúfvina Bjarmadóttir. Hjör was King of Rogaland and Geirmundur became king of Rogaland after his father, but he lost his kingdom to Harald Fairhair. Geirmundur then went to Iceland.] Örlygur and Signý stayed with Geirmundur during the first winter after their arrival in Iceland but the following Spring Geirmundur gave Örlygur a farm at Aðalvík and some land area in that region, Örlygur later aquired all of the Jökulfjords.

Ketill gufa was the son of Örlygur and Signý, he married Ýr the daughter of Geirmundur Hellskin. Kormakur corrected the translation and added the English nickname for Geirmundur Hellskin i.e. his skin was as dark as hell. His twin brother Hámundur had the same nickname; Hellskin. Both were considered unusually dark skinned at birth.

Research pending... ORIGINAL TEXT
Örlygur Böðvarsson var íslenskur landnámsmaður sem settist að á Hornströndum.Örlygur var sonur Böðvars Vígsterkssonar og fór frá Noregi fyrir ofríki Haraldar hárfagra. Kona hans var Signý Óblauðsdóttir Ótryggssonar, systir Högna hins hvíta og því skyld Geirmundi heljarskinni. Þau voru hjá Geirmundi fyrsta veturinn eftir komu sína til landsins en um vorið gaf Geirmundur Örlygi bú í Aðalvík og lönd þar í kring og hann eignaðist síðan alla Jökulfirði.

Sonur Örlygs og Signýjar var Ketill gufa og kvæntist hann Ýr dóttur Geirmundar heljarskinns.

Örlygur Böðvarsson was an Icelandic pioneer settler who lived at Hornstrandir.

 

29th Great Grandfather
King Harald the FairHair
Þórður Víkingsson Haraldsson (Relations to Sigurdur Christopherson, Gudrun Aradottir Sigvaldson, Einar Einarson)
NORWEGIAN KING
Norway FlagCoat of Arms of Norway


Þórður Víkingsson Haraldsson, better known as King Harald the FairHair. Harald Fairhair or Harald Finehair (Old Norse: Haraldr hárfagri, Norwegian: Harald Hårfagre),
Born about c. 850 – c. 933) was the first king (872 – 930) of Norway.
Please keep in mind that records past 1800 may be incorrect. Also he had many concubines and illegitamate children.

More will be added here in time. Plenty on the internet to get to know him by.

PDF
This link to a PDF report will show one of a few trees from Roy Christopherson to the Kings.

King FairHair
King Harald the FairHair stamp

King FairHair
King FairHair

29th Great Grandfather
Ketill "Flatnose".
NORWEGIAN
Flag of Norwayviking Through Sigurdur Christopherson and through a few marriages in the Sigvaldason side.
Ketill was a Norwegian Hersir (Local Military Commander) of the mid 800s, son of Bjorn (or Bjarni) Buna. In the 850s Ketil was a prominent viking chieftain. He left his son at his estate in Norway, did not pay King FairHair tribute and lost his Estate and left Norway. He conquered the Hebrides and the Isle of Man. It is speculated that Ketil was at least partially Sami in descent. Ruler of the Hebrides. His daughter was Aud the Deepminded Auður "djúpauðga" (Deepminded2) Ívarsdóttir. She is also listed as the daughter of Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, roll the dice, pick a Saga.

Ketill's sin-in-law was Þorsteinn Ólafsson, a.k.a. Thorstein `the Red' OLAFSSON of Dublin which is shown two down after Naddoður

 

Hersir
What I suspect Ketil looked like minus Double bladed axe.

relation____________
Naddoður
son of
b. abt. 830 AD
Flag of Faroe IslandFlag of Icelandviking

Naddoddr
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, (Redirected from Naddod)
Naddoddr (Icelandic: Naddoður, Faroese: Naddoddur) was a Faroese Viking who is credited with the discovery of Iceland. Naddoddur was also one of the first settlers on the Faroe Islands after Grímur Kamban became the first to settle there around 825. Naddoddr was born in Agder, which comprises the two Norwegian counties of Aust-Agder and Vest-Agder .[1]
Landnámabók, a medieval Icelandic manuscript, describes in considerable detail the settlement (Icelandic: landnám) of Iceland by the
Norse in the 9th and 10th century. According to Landnámabók, Iceland was discovered by Naddoddr, who was sailing from Norway to the Faroe Islands, but got lost and drifted to the east coast of Iceland. Naddoddr came upon the shore of a land with a bay and mountains near what is today the Icelandic town of Reyðarfjörður. Although he climbed a mountain to look for smoke rising from fire-places he saw no sign of humans. Naddoddr decided to continue his journey to the Faroe Islands, but as he returned to his boat it started to snow and so he named the land Snowland (Icelandic:Snæland) . The island later became known as Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland) . [2]
Naddoddr is probably the father of Ann Naddodsdóttir from Shetland. It has also been claimed that Naddoddr was the first Nordic man to travel to North America - about 150 years before Leifur Heppni (Leif Eriksson), his great great grandnephew.[3]Source http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naddoddr

Agdur Norway, Southern Norway (Norwegian: Sørlandet) (lit. "southern land") is the name of the geographical region (landsdel) of the Skagerrak coast of southern Norway consisting of the two counties Vest-Agder and Aust-Agder. The total combined area of Vest-Agder and Aust-Agder

 

26th Great Grandfather
THORSTEIN the Red. (Þorsteinn "rauði" Ólafsson aka Thorstein `the Red' OLAFSSON of DUBLIN
son of Ólafur "hvíti / The White" Ingjaldsson
Flag of IrelandPDFPDF Relationship Chart - Roy to Þorsteinn Ólafsson
Born. Abt. 850/868 AD - died 888 AD
Konungur í Skotlandi (King for Scotland), en Skotar (scottish) gerðu (here you are?)
uppreisn (uprising) gegn (through) honum (him) og féll hann (he, him) á Katanesi
Possibly "king in Scotland, the Scots revolted against him and he fell in Caithness."
Sheila

Thorstein the Red was a viking chieftain. His mother was Aud the Deep-minded, (Relation Chart) who was the daughter of Ketill Flatnose (above)
After the death of his father, Olaf, Aud and Thorstein went to live in the Hebrides, then under Ketil's rule.[2] Thorstein eventually became a warlord and allied with the Jarl of Orkney, Sigurd Eysteinsson.[3] Together Thorstein and Sigurd waged a series of campaigns in Caithness, Sutherland, Ross, Moray, and a number of other regions, eventually receiving tribute from half of Scotland.[4] However, the Scottish chieftains plotted against Thorstein, and he was killed; the exact nature of his death is unknown but it probably took place around 880 or 890. After Thorstein's death Aud left Caithness, sojourning for a while in Orkney before settling with other members of her clan in Iceland.[5]

Thorstein married Thurid, the daughter of Eyvind the Easterner. Thorstein and Thurid had a son, Olaf Feilan, and a number of daughters, including Groa, Thorgerd, Olof, Osk, Thorhild, and Vigdis.[6] Source , Laxdaela Saga, Halfdan Helgason . The family was related to the Vinland explorers and the Sturlung family.[3]


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27th GGF
Olaf the White, Ólafur "hvíti / The White" Ingjaldsson,
son of Ingjaldur "hvíti" Helgason
b. Abt. 806 AD Ireland , was a viking Sea-king and Army King of Dublin, Ireland.

Read a Free Ebook on their history.
Source , Halfdan Helgason


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28th GGF
Ingjaldur 'hviti' (Fródason) Helgason
,
son of Helgi Guðröðarson
b. Abt. 800 AD
Ingjaldur was a Hiberno-Norse chieftain of the ninth century AD. According to the Landnamabok he was the son of Helgi, the son of Olaf, the son of Gudrod, the son of Halfdan Hvitbeinn; he was thus distantly related to the Yngling kings of Vestfold and later Norway.

A man called Ingjaldur, he was the son of Helgi the Thin (the man who first inhabited the North of Iceland, there is a statue of him and his wife in Aukreyi). He lived at the Pver river in Eyjafjord. he was a former Godi (priest) and a famous cheiftain [...] he was a marrie d man and had two sons Steinolf and Eyjolfur. They were mature and handsome sons [...] Eyjolfur had been 'in Viking' for four summers and people thought him to be a hero and leader, he got a very good reputation and gained a lot of wealth. (note verify Helgi must be Eysterand)ad fara i viking translated as raiding - more peaceful - as going on an expedition or voyage. See Viga-Glum saga. Source

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29th GGF
Helgi Guðröðarson, aka Helgi magri Eyvindarson
son of Guðröður "Hunter" Hálfdanarson
b. Abt. 760 AD, Dublin, Leinster, Ireland.


(NEW) Looked into Leifur (Discoverer of America) as someone on Icelandic Roots asked about him. He had no children. Realizing I had no ancestors above his GM's, come to find his GF Jörundur Úlfsson's mother Björg who was a sister of Helgi the Lean and a daughter of Eyvindur, the husband of Rafata Kjarvalsdóttir, king of Ireland. - Now to connect Bjorg branch to Helgi's Branch
Had Helgi the Lean as 'Helgi the Thin' in the Intro above all these years.
"...Þjóðhildur, the daughter of Jörundur, son of Björg who was a sister of Helgi the Lean and a daughter of Eyvindur, the husband of Rafata Kjarvalsdóttir, king of Ireland. As a result Leifur traces his family to the British Isles, as many other people in the Valleys (Dalir) in Iceland."
Source http://timarit.is/files/11256732.pdf#navpanes=1&view=FitH


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30th GGF
Guðröður "Hunter" Hálfdanarson
, A.K.A. Guðröður Hálfdanarson
son of Hálfdan "hvítbein" Ólafsson


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31st GGF
Hálfdan "hvítbein" Ólafsson
, son of Ingjaldur "illráði" Önundarson
King of Uplanders, b. Abt. 680 AD Romerike, Norway

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32nd GGF
Olaf "The Wood Cutter" Ingjaldsson (Ólafur "trételgja" Ingjaldsson)

son of
b. Abt. 650 AD, Age at death: possibly 40 years old
Swedish King (Svíakonungur), wife: Sölva Hálfdanardóttir, daughter of Hálfdan "gulltönn" Sölvason.

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33rd GGF
King Ingjaldur "illráði" (ill-Ruler) Önundarson "Braut"
son of Önundur "Braut-Önundur" Ingvarsson
b. abt. 620 AD

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34th Great Grandfather
Anund or Önundur "Braut-Önundur" Ingvarsson,
son of Ingvar "The Tall" Eysteinsson
b. abt. 590 AD

Brøt-Anundr (Old East Norse) or Braut-Önundr (Old West Norse) (meaning trail-blazer Anund or Anund the land-clearer) was a legendary Swedish king of the House of Yngling who reigned in the mid-seventh century. The name would have been Proto-Norse *Anuwinduz meaning "winning ancestor".[1]In his Ynglinga saga, Snorri Sturluson relates that Anund succeeded his father Ingvar on the Swedish throne, and after his father's wars against Danish Vikings and Estonian pirates, peace reigned over Sweden and there were good harvests. Anund was a popular king who became very rich, not only because of the peace and the good harvests but also because he avenged his father in Estonia. That country was ravaged far and wide and in the autumn Anund returned with great riches.In those days Sweden was dominated by vast and uninhabited forests, so Anund started making roads and clearing land and vast districts were settled by Swedes. Consequently he was named Bröt-Anund. He made a house for himself in every district and used to stay as a guest in many homes.One autumn, King Anund was travelling between his halls (see Husbys) and came to a place called Himinheiðr (sky heath) between two mountains. He was surprised by a landslide which killed him.
source


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35th GGF
Ingvar "The Tall" Eysteinsson
, son of Eysteinn Aðilsson
b. abt. 590 AD Uppsala, Sweden

Flag of Sweden

Ingvar or Yngvar Harra, Proto-Norse *Ingu-Hariz (d. early 7th century) was the son of Östen and reclaimed the Swedish throne for the House of Yngling after the Swedes had rebelled against Sölvi.Snorri Sturluson relates in his Ynglinga saga that King Ingvar, Östen's son, was a great warrior who often spent time patrolling the shores of his kingdom fighting Danes and pirates from the east. King Ingvar finally came to a peace agreement with the Danes and could take care of the Estonian pirates.He consequently started pillaging in Estonia in retribution, and one summer he arrived at a place called Stein (see also Sveigder). The Estonians (sýslu kind) assembled a great army in the interior and attacked King Ingvar in a great battle. The Estonian forces were too powerful and Ingvar fell and the Swedish forces retreated. Ingvar was buried in a mound at a place called Stone or Hill fort (at Steini) on the shores of Estonia (Aðalsýsla).In 1040 he went as far as Afghanistan in his trip towards east

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36th GGF
Eysteinn or Östen Aðilsson
, son of Aðils Óttarsson

Eysteinn (d. ca 600), Swedish: Östen, was the son of Eadgils and Yrsa of Saxony. He was the father of Ingvar. The Eysteinn tumulus (Östens hög) in Västerås near Östanbro has been linked to King Eysteinn by some popular historians. The term Hög is derived from the Old Norse word haugr meaning mound or barrow.

Snorri Sturluson relates that Eysteinn ruled Sweden at the time when Hrólf Kraki died in Lejre. It was a troubled time when many sea kings ravaged the Swedish shores. One of those kings was named Sölve and he was from Jutland (but according to Historia Norwegiae he was Geatish, see below). At this time Sölve was pillaging in the Baltic Sea and so he arrived in Lofond (probably the island of Lovön or the Lagunda Hundred), where Eysteinn was at a feast. It was night-time and Sölve and his men surrounded the house and set it on fire burning everyone inside to death. Then Sölve arrived at Sigtuna (Old Sigtuna) and ordered the Swedes to accept him as king. The Swedes refused and gathered an army that fought against Sölve and his men, but they lost after eleven days. The Swedes had to accept him as king for a while until they rebelled and killed him.

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36th GGF
Aðils Óttarsson
, son fo Óttarr "Vendilkráka" Egilsson
b. abt. 530 AD, Sweden

Eadgils, Adils, Aðils, Adillus, Aðísl at Uppsölum, Athisl, Athislus or Adhel was a semi-legendary king of Sweden, who is estimated to have lived during the 6th century.[1]
Flag of Sweden

Beowulf and Old Norse sources present him as the son of Ohthere (Óttarr "Vendilkráka" Egilsson) and as belonging to the ruling Yngling (Scylfing) clan. These sources also deal with his war against Onela, which he won with foreign assistance: in Beowulf he gained the throne of Sweden by defeating his uncle Onela with Geatish help, and in two Scandinavian sources (Skáldskaparmál and Skjöldunga saga), he is also helped to defeat Onela in the Battle on the Ice of Lake Vänern, but with Danish help. However, Scandinavian sources mostly deal with his interaction with the legendary Danish king Hrólfr Kraki (Hroðulf), and Eadgils is mostly presented in a negative light as a rich and greedy king. Source

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37th GGF
Óttarr "Vendilkráka" Egilsson, son of Egill Aunsson
b. abt. 500 AD, Sweden
Flag of Sweden

Ohthere, Ohtere (the name is sometimes misspelt Ohþere), Óttarr, Óttarr vendilkráka or Ottar Vendelkråka (Vendelcrow) (ca 515 - ca 530[1]) was a semi-legendary king of Sweden who would have lived during the 6th century and belonged to the house of Scylfings. His name has been reconstructed as Proto-Norse *Ōhtaharjaz or *Ōhtuharjaz meaning "feared warrior".

A powerful King and warrior and a son of Ongentheow, Ohthere and his brother Onela conducted successful raids against the Geats (North Germanic tribe inhabiting what is now Götaland ("land of the Geats") in modern Sweden),
and also in Denmark as their father Ongentheow was killed by the Geats to avenge his death which ended the Swedish-Geatish wars. Ohthere pilliaged in their lands and triggered the war off again. In 515 around the time his father was killed in battle by the Geats, Ohthere succeeded his father as the king of Sweden and Ohthere led a large army against the Geats most probably because of what happened to his father, He besieged a Geatish army and nearly killed the Geatish king Hygelac but lost many of his forces in the conflict but did manage to get back to Sweden. Around the 520s Ohthere led a large raid to Denmark and plundered the Danish coast but a Danish army was waiting for him led by two Jarls, Ohthere besieged the Danish army and a battle broke out which was even the Danish were reinforced and Ohthere was defeated and killed in battle his corpse was taken back to Sweden and buried in a mound. [source
]

Ottar Vendilkraka, his mound is here. The Vendel period people were not Vikings, they were from about 500AD, they are "provable" archaeologically [link]
Source: Nonni Jonsson


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38th GGF
Egill "Tunnadólgur" Aunsson
, son of
b. abt. 440 AD, Sweden

Ongentheow, (Old Englsh: Ongenþeow, Ongenþio, Ongendþeow; Swedish: Angantyr),
Egill "Tunnadólgur" Aunsson or Ongentheow (died ca 515) was the name of a semi-legendary Swedish king of the house of Scylfings, who appears in Old English sources. [Roy is just having fun here, so please set aside serious family genealogy and have some fun. Read on...]
Ongentheow is generally identified with the Swedish king Egil (also Swedish Egill, Eigil) who appears in Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegiae and in Ynglinga saga.[source] and H.H.

In the Old English epic Beowulf, Ongentheow is described as a fearsome warrior and it took two warriors Eofor and Wulf Wonreding to take him down.The epic tells that the Geats under their new king Hæþcyn captured the Swedish queen, but old king Ongenþeow saved her, at a hill fort called Hrefnesholt, although they lost her gold.[5] Ongentheow killed Hæþcyn,[6] and besieged the Geats at Hrefnesholt.[7] The Geats were, however, rescued by Hygelac, Hæþcyn's brother,[8] who arrived the next day with reinforcements.[9] Having lost the battle, but rescued his queen, Ongenþeow and his warriors returned home.[10]However, the war was not over. Hygelac, the new king of the Geats, attacked the Swedes.[11] The Geatish warriors Eofor and Wulf fought together against the hoary king Ongenþeow.[12] Wulf hit Ongentheow's head with his sword so that the old king bled over his hair, but the king hit back and wounded Wulf.[13] Then, Eofor retaliated by cutting through the Swedish king's shield and through his helmet,[14] giving Ongentheow a death-blow.[15] Eofor took the Swedish king's helmet, sword and breastplate and carried them to Hygelac.[16] When they came home, Eofor and Wulf were richly awarded,[17] and Eofor was given Hygelac's daughter.[18] Because of this battle, Hygelac is referred to as Ongentheow's slayer.[19] Ongentheow is also mentioned in passing by the earlier poem Widsith as the king of Swede. Source
The barrow of Skalunda, a barrow that was identified by the archaeologist Birger Nerman as Beowulf's burial mound.

LOCATE SPOT
Son of Ecgþeow (pronounced [ˈedʒðeow]) or Edgetho (Proto-Norse *Agiþewaz) or Ecgtheow is a character in the Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf.


The Lineage goes back much further, at this point, no sense going on as they are Mythical.
58th Great Grandfather (Pagen God if not mistaken)
Lnor-Frey  b. 100 AD, and

81st GGF
Tefnalchte

[Don't get Roy wrong, his spirit is with God and does not practice Paganism.
Some of
Our Ancestors did practice it.]

The Swede Family website (this helped crack the case!)
Details for of the Swedes Family See Descendency Chart for direct line to the Hart Family,
Pages were compiled by Albert Douglass Hart, Jr..
Roy then verified against historical parchments (see Back to the Beginning)

See the Reports page for various lineages to the Kings.

Some history covered at this website on Vikings and Ireland.


From Nonni Jonsson:
genealogy from Islendingabok. It shows 2 people from Beowulf, Egil and Adils and they may be buried here at Old Uppsala (Gamli) although historians also name others.

These are the names of the forefathers of the Ynglings and the Breiðafjörðr-people:
i Yngvi king of the Turks.
ii Njörðr kings of the Swedes.
iii Freyr.
iv Fjölnir, who died at Friðfróði’s.
v Svegðir
vi Vanlandi.
vii Visburr.
viii Dómaldr.
ix Dómarr.
x Dyggvi.
xi Dagr.
xii Alrekr.
xiii Agni.
xiiii Yngvi.
xv Jörundr.
xvi Aun inn gamli [the old].
xvii Egill Vendilkráka [Crow of Vendill].
xviii Óttarr.
xix Aðísl at Uppsala.
xx Eysteinn.
xxi Yngvarr.
xxii Braut-Önundr.
xxiii Ingjaldr inn illráði [the evil].
xxiiii Óláfr trételgja [tree-cutter].
xxv Hálfdan hvítbeinn [white-bone], king of the Upplanders.
xxvi Goðröðr.
xxvii Óláfr.
xxviii Helgi.
xxix Ingjaldr, son of the daughter of Sigurðr, son of Ragnarr loðbrókar [hairy-trousers].
xxx Óleifr inn hvíti [the white].
xxxi Þorsteinn inn rauði [the red].
xxxii Óleifr feilan, who was the first of them to settle in Iceland.
xxxiii Þórðr gellir.
xxxiiii Eyjólfr, who was baptised in his old age, when Christianity came to Iceland.
xxxv Þorkell.
xxxvi Gellir, father of Þorkell, father of Brandr,
and Þorgill, my father,
and I am called Ari.

 

Mounds
36th GGF Eaggils pursuing Hrólfr Kraki on the Fyrisvellir
Eadgils Mound
Eadgil's, The three large royal mounds at Gamla Uppsala.

Ostens Mound

(Östens hög) (Eysteinn tumulus) at Östanbro, in Västerås kommun

“When he comes to me I mean to stand,
not run from his shooting Flames,
stand till fate decides Which of us wins.
My heart is firm,
My hands calm: I need no hot Words.”
beowulf name
Lines 2524-2529
Enlarge
Beowulf thumb

One of many Law Speakers in the family
29th GGF (Roy>Pauline>Gudbrandur>Soffia)
Þorgeir Þorkelsson

Born ca. 940 [1]
Flag of Iceland

Many Speakers of the Law, who had to memorize and state all the laws at the Allthing. Most of the 4 branches all have a few that served three years in this office.

Þorgeir Þorkelsson Ljósvetningagoði (born ca. 940) was an Icelandic lawspeaker in Iceland's Althing from 985 to 1001.

In the year 999 or 1000, Iceland's legislative assembly was debating which religion they should practice: Norse paganism or Christianity. Þorgeir, himself a pagan priest and chieftain (a goði), decided in favour of Christianity after a day and a night of silent meditation under a fur blanket, thus averting potentially disastrous civil conflict. Under the compromise, pagans could still practise their religion in private and several of the old customs were retained. After his decision, Þorgeir himself converted to Christianity. Upon returning to his farm Ljósavatn, he is said to have thrown the idols of his gods into a nearby waterfall, for which it is now known in Icelandic as Goðafoss, the "waterfall of the gods".

Þorgeir's story is preserved in Ari Þorgilsson's Íslendingabók.
Source [1]

The law speaker of the Alþing, Thorgeir Thorkelsson, the goði of Ljósavatn
Then Þórður Gellir complained at the Law Rock how unsatisfactory it was for people to go to strange moots to secure justice for slayings and injuries.... As a result the country was divided into quarters, so that there were three moots in each quarter to which residents could bring lawsuits and lay charges. He was a Lögsögumaður. Only in the northern quarter was it necessary to have four moots... Afterwards, in this manner, the Quarter-Moots were established.

The Book of the Icelanders13 (lSource)

Fighting between adherents of the rival religions seemed likely until mediators intervened and the matter was submitted to arbitration. The law speaker of the Alþing, Thorgeir Thorkelsson, the goði of Lightwater,(goð=god) (Icelandic: Þorgeir ljósvetningagoði), was acceptable to both sides as mediator, being known as a moderate and reasonable man. Thorgeir accepted responsibility for deciding whether Iceland should become Christian, with the condition that both parties abide by his decision. When this was agreed, he spent a day and a night resting under a fur blanket, contemplating.The following day he announced that that Iceland was to become Christian, with the condition that old laws concerning the exposure of infants and the eating of horseflesh would remain, and that private pagan worship be permitted. Thorgeir, who was himself a pagan priest, took his pagan idols and threw them into a large waterfall, which is now known as Waterfall of the gods (Icelandic: Goðafoss). The problem of changing religions was thus solved, as people abided by Thorgeir's decision and were baptised. Civil war was averted via arbitration. Iceland's peaceful adoption is in many ways remarkable.I disagree with the last part, as Iceland's reform was anything but peaceful.
Roy

Ljosavatn is a lake, farm and a church site in Pass Ljosavatnsskard near the mouth of Valley Bardardalur. It was an official assembly place for the district and common assembly place until the turn of the 19th century and a primary and secondary school during the period 1908-14. Ljosavatn is best known as the residence of the pagan chieftain Thorgeir Thorkelsson before and after the year 1000. That year, the common parliament for the whole country, Althingi, was to choose between Paganism and Christianity as the state religion. The majority of the people was pagan, but Christians had lived in the country from the beginning and many had been babtized since the Age of Settlement. The armies of both groups stood in the Parliamentary Plains ready to fight for their believes, when wise men succeeded in convincing the assembly to leave the decision up to one of the chieftains and Thorgeir was chosen. He accepted this responsibility on the condition, that there would be no disputes about his decision, and left to deliberate. His decided for Christianity, and most of the people attending were babtized on the spot or on their way home. Thorgeir’s grandfather, Thorkell mani, was among the settlers of the country. He built his farm at Oxara, on the banks of a river by the same name, nowadays the southernmost farm of County Ljosavatn. Big family houses descended from the so-called Ljosvetninga Clan, such as the ones named after the farms Reykjahlid and Skutustadir on Lake Myvatn (home of Sigurdur Kristofersson's family before 1873).

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thorgeir_Thorkelsson

 

Law Speaker
Gathering at the Alþing

Thorgeir
Woodcut: Thorgeir Thorkelsson, the heathen priest of Ljosawater,
throws carved images of the ancestral Norse gods into the falls.


Law Speaker reciting laws at the Law Rock.
Law Speaker
Law Speaker. Photo by B. McMorrow - The Saga Museum-Visit when in Iceland

30th Great Grandfather (related to most Icelanders)
Grímur Kamban
POSSIBLY NORWEGIAN VIKING
Flag of Faroe Island

1st to re-settle Faroes Islands after Gaelic hermits and monks left. Grímur Kamban was, according to the Færeyinga saga, the first man to set foot in the Faroe Islands. The name was written Grímr in Old Norse and is often referred to as Grim in the English literature.
The saga says, he was a Norwegian Viking escaping the tyranny of the Norse king Haraldur Hárfagri. However, this is an error in this saga, because Harald's age was in the late 9th century, while the first Norse settlers reached the Faroes after 825.
Furthermore, the name Kamban indicates a celtic origin. Thus he could have been a man from Ireland, Western Isles or Isle of Man, where the vikings had already settlements. Another theory says, he could have been an early Christianized Norwegian under the influence of Irish monks there.
"According to the Faereyinga Saga... the first settler in the Faroe Islands was a man named Grímur Kamban - Hann bygdi fyrstr Færeyar, it may have been the land taking of Grímur and his followers that cauysed the anchorites to leave... the nickname Kamban is probably Gaelic and one interpretation is that the word refers to some physical handicap, another that it may point to his prowess as a sportsman. Probably he came as a young man to the Faroe Islands by way of Viking Ireland, and local tradition has it that he settled at Funningur in Eysturoy."[1]
If Gaelic, the first part of Kamban would originate in the Old Gaelic camb crooked (found in the Scots names Campbell Caimbeul Crooked-Mouth and Cameron Camshròn Crooked Nose). The word Kamban itself would there most likely be from cambán (Modern Irish camán, Scots Gaelic caman, Manx camane), roughly translatable as crooked one. The sports reference refers to the use of camb also in the term cambóg, which refers in origin to the the type of stick used in games like hurling, hockey and golf.
It was also Irish monks, who settled in the Faroes from about 625, which is today proved by botanical researches[citation needed]. According to Dicuil, those monks left the islands before 825 after Viking raids. Thus Grímur Kamban is supposed to be the first man, who re-settled the Faroes.
Source: Wikipedia

26th GGF (Christopherson Branch)
Roy's 31st GGF (Einarson)
Egill Skallagrímsson
ICELANDIC
Born about 910
Flag of Iceland

Partial myth but he did exist.
Egill Skallagrímsson (910-c.990) was a Viking skald and the great anti-hero of Icelandic literature.
Several accounts tell of him slaughtering as many as 20 or more armed men single-handedly and even dispatching a feared berserker with relative ease. In spite of this, he was considered a healer, and his saga tells of him curing a girl who had been ill for quite some time where all other efforts had proven futile. In some ways he resembled his god Odin: breaking his oaths, killing for trifles, and practicing sorcery.
Source: Wikipedia

Reminds me of a decorated soldier who held off Germans, his name was Audrey Murphy, the most decorated soldier of WWII, except Audrey was serving his country, and protecting his men and positions by radio.

"Berserker, meaning "bear coat" in Old Norse....In 1015, Jarl Eiríkr Hákonarson of Norway outlawed berserkers, and Grágás, the medieval Icelandic law code, sentenced berserker warriors to outlawry. By the 12th century, organised berserker war-gangs had been completely disbanded." Source

Egill

26th GGF (Christopherson Branch)
Tryggve Olafsson,
NORWEGIAN VIKING KING
Flag of Norway

b. abt. 930, (died 963) (Old Norse: Tryggvi Ólafsson, Norwegian: Tryggve Olavsson) was king of Viken (Vingulmark and Ranrike). He was the son of Olaf Haraldsson, king of Vestfold, and grandson of Harald Fairhair. According to Heimskringla, Tryggve ravaged in Ireland and Scotland, and performed Viking cruises in the West sea. In 946 king Håkon went north, and set Tryggve to defend Viken against enemies. He also gave him all that he could reconquer of land in Denmark, which the summer before, king Håkon had subjected to payment of taxes to Tryggve. Tryggve was killed by Eirik Bloodaxe's son Harald Greyhide as part of Haralds effort to re-unite all of Norway under his rule. Tryggve's son, Olaf Tryggvason, later became king of Norway, and his daughter Ingeborg Tryggvasdotter married Ragnvald Ulfsson, the earl of Västergötland and later the ruler of Staraja Ladoga.
Olaf Tryggvason, was King of Norway from 995 to 1000, great-grandson of Harald Fairhair
source: Wikipedia

Olaf
Olaf Tryggvason, son of Tryggve Olafsson
by Peter Nicolai Arbo
Norse Art

Husband of 1st cousin 28x Removed
Eiríkur "rauði" Þorvaldsson
NORWEGIAN
Flag of NorwayErik The Red , b. Abt. 945 AD at á Dröngum á Skógarströnd
His wife, Þjóðhildur Jörundardóttir who is our 1st cousin 28 times removed.
Leif, his son is our 2nd cousin 27 times removed, Christopherson side.Roy's 31st GGM through Sigurdur Christopherson side (Verify).
Þjóðhildr (Thjodhildr), Erik the Red's wife, whom we're related Erik was alson known as Erik Thorvaldsson (or as Eiríkr Þorvaldsson or as Eiríkr rauði (Red) ).
Source: Wikipedia
Leifur Eiríksson (Leif Ericson) did not have any children. That would make Erik the Red who was exhiled to Greenland Roy's 31st GGF.

Eriks Father:
Thorvald Asvaldsson (normalized Old Norse spelling: Þorvaldr Ásvaldsson) was the father of the colonizer of Greenland, Erik the Red (Eiríkr Rauði) and grandfather of Leif Ericson, who visited North America centuries before Christopher Columbus. (See Discovery of America.) His father was Ásvald Úlfsson, son of Úlf Øxna-Þórir, brother of Naddod, discoverer of Iceland.
Thorvald Asvaldsson was born in Norway. He was exiled from Norway c960, during the reign of King Harald Fairhair, because he had committed murder. He fled with his son Erik to northwest Iceland, where he died before 980.
Source: Wikipedia

SEARCH FOR VINLAND
http://timarit.is/view_page_init.jsp?pageId=2241984
PG 2 http://timarit.is/view_page_init.jsp?pageId=2241984 PDF saved

Erik the Red

26th Great Grandmother
Princess Rafarta Kjarvalsdóttir McCerbhall
b. abt. 830 AD, Dublin, Ireland
IRISH
Flag of Ireland The Laxdaela Saga names Rafarta as his daughter - married Eyving the Easterling. (AKA Rafertach [Rafarta Nic Cerbhal])
The Celtic Connection
According to research done by third cousin Kristjan Helgi Sveinsson of Blomsturvellir, Akureyri, when the experts conducted DNA tests on the Icelandic people, biological results showed that we are 50% Irish/Scottish, in other words Celtic, and 50% Scandinavian. We have very few examples in the settlements records. One of them is the mother of Helgi "magri" Eyvindsson. She was Princess Rafarta Kjarvalsdottir, wife of Eyvindur "eastman" Bjarnason in Dublin. Her father was King Cearbhal (800-883) of Ossory in Ireland and, during his last eight years, also in Dublin. This, says Kristjan Helgi, is our Irish blood, so strong in Eyjafjordur that music and singing remain as a common trait among us today, and storytelling is there, too. (source)

27th Great Grandfather
Cerball mac Dngaile (Cerball son of Dngal), aka Cerball mac Dúnlainge, aka Kjarval (Cearbhall) McDunghal, aka Dunghal of OSSORY
IRISH
Smákonungur (Petty-king) á Írlandi (Kjarlakur). (King of Ireland)
b. abt. 790 , d. abt 888, Ireland.
Cerball mac Dúnlainge (Middle Irish pronunciation [kərval mak ðūnləŋe]) was king of Osraige in south-east Ireland. (Cearbhall is the modern Irish form.) Kjarvalr is the Icelandic form of the same name. The kingdom of Osraige occupied roughly the area of modern County Kilkenny and lay between the larger provincial kingdoms of Munster and Leinster.
Cerball came to prominence after the death of Feidlimid mac Cremthanin, King of Munster, in 847. Osraige was traditionally subject to the Eóganachta kings of Munster, but Feidlimid was succeeded by a series of weak kings who had to contend with Viking incursions on the coasts of Munster. As a result, Cerball was in a strong position and is said to have been the second most powerful king in Ireland in his later years.[1]
Kjarvalr Írakonungr, a figure in the Norse sagas who appears as an ancestor of many prominent Icelandic families, is identified with Cerball.
Cerball's IrelandThe Kings of Osraige reigned over Osraige, which was largely a buffer state between Leinster and Munster, in Ireland. Its southern border were the Suir and Barrow rivers, though it originally extended to the sea and its rulers had some influence over the Norse kings of Waterford. In the north it may have once stretched over the Slieve Bloom and reached the River Shannon, but in the historic era it generally stayed to the south of these mountains, the boundary generally being the river Nore.
Source [1]

Started to post Halldor & Ranka Jonsson's Marriage Cert.- 80 more Certs to sift through. http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/e3d9963c-488a-42ec-b99b-3f261d1381f5 - Then went down deep Rabbit Hole to Fornjotor born 160 AD, Finland, King of Kvenland, our 43rd Great Grandfather (legendary). Mainly to clean up descendants. - Then over to Halfdan the Old of Gór's lineage, - Then back to Leifur "heppni" Eiríksson, aka Leif Ericson, Leif 'the Lucky' (Discoverer of America) as someone on Icelandic Roots asked about him. He had no children. Realizing I had no ancestors above his GM's, come to find his GF Jörundur Úlfsson's mother "Björg who was a sister of Helgi the Lean and a daughter of Eyvindur, the husband of Rafata Kjarvalsdóttir, king of Ireland..." http://timarit.is/files/11256732.pdf#navpanes=1&view=FitH - Now to connect Björg's branch to Helgi's. Bellow are related to everyone Had Helgi the Lean as 'Helgi the Thin', aka Helgi magri Eyvindarson Missed statue (located on top of Hamarkotsklappir (Hamarkot Rocks on the street Brekkugata) behind the Police station (Lögreglustöðin) when Mike and myself passed through Akureyri, Iceland Https://guidetoiceland.is/connect-with-locals/regina/eyjafjorur-fjord---the-capital-city-akureyri (Scroll half way down page) I'll have to look into this. Have all of Ketil "Flatnose", as he is connected. Yes, CRAZY! yet they are all listed here on our family website: http://www.christopherson.net/genealogy/familytree/greatancestor/index.html#RafartaMcCerbhall Plus see we missed Nonni house related to Wm. Stewart Taylor by marriage. N65° 40' 1.255" W18° 5' 8.589" https://www.northiceland.is/en/other/place/nonnis-house-museum http://www.visitakureyri.is/en/things-to-do/attractions


28th Great Grandfather
Dungal MacFERGAILE King of OSRAIGE
b. 770 AD, Ossory, Eirann, Ireland

End of this lineage is
34th Great Grandfather
Ronan Rigfhlaith
(King) of LEINSTER, aka Ronan Rigflaith MacCOLMAIN of OSSARY
b. abt. 624 AD

 

29th Great Grandfather
Björn "buna" Veðrar-Grímsson
NORWEGIAN
Flag of Norway

Björn "buna" Veðrar-Grímsson aka Bjarni Veðra-Grímsson, Bjorn the Ungartered
Born Abt. 770 AD, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway, d. Norway
The Book of the Settlement of Iceland Has multiple formats (PDF, E-Pub) Researching 29th Great Grandfather Björn "buna" Veðrar-Grímsson, NORWEGIAN Bjorn Buna, a renowned ' hersir,' in Norway PART I, CHAPTER IX, pp 11 Chapter X. Here the tale is of Bjorn Buna. There was a man, Bjorn Buna, a renowned ' hersir,' in Norway, the son of Verdrar-Grim, a ' hersir ' of Sogni. The mother of Grim was Hervor, the daughter of Thorgerd, the daughter of Eylaug, a ' hersir ' * from Sogn. From Bjorn are descended almost all the renowned men in Iceland. He was married to Velaug, the sister of Vermund the old ; they had three sons, one was Ketil flatnose ; another was Hrapp; the third Helgi. They were famous men, and of their decendants many things are told in this book. * Hersir, a chief or lord, was the name of the Norse chiefs of the earliest age ; especially before the time of Harald Fairhair and the settlement. Modern sources like Wikipedia state it was a Local Viking Commander of 100 or more. Source: The Book of the Settlements of Iceland, translated by REV. T. ELLWOOD, M.A. , RECTOR OF TORVER, , Author of " Lakeland and Iceland."

Source: Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006), www.ancestry.com, Database online. Record for Hrapp Bjornsson. Source 2,

Charlemagne, Emperor of the West, Emperor the Holy Roman Empire, Charlemagne Quentin 742 - 814
See research here at our website.

IMG_WEB_0169
Coronation of Charleemagne
Click to enlarge image

Charlemagne
Charlemagne First Holy Emperor of Europe
35th Great Grandfather, Born 547 AD. Legendary (Christopherson, and ___)
Valdar Hroarsson, King of Roeskilde, King of Denmark

The Old Norse genealogy work Hversu Noregr byggdist tells that Hróarr had a son named Valdar, the father of Harald the Old,
The father of Halfdan the Valiant, the father of Ivar Vidfamne, who was the maternal grandfather of Harald Wartooth. Harald fell at the Battle of the Brávellir against his nephew Sigurd Ring, a king of Sweden and the father of Ragnar Lodbrok.

This segment is Under Construction
 

43rd Great Grandfather (Sigvaldason Branch)
Fergus Mor MacErc
IRISH
Flag of Ireland

Fergus Mor MacErc, King of Dal Riata
b. Abt. 445 AD Dalriada, Northern Ireland
d. abt. 501 Drowned at Carrickfergus (Rock of Fergus) Ulster, Ireland.

Found these GGFs connect to earlier one here.
Kenneth MacAlpin ...Cináed son of Alpín son of Eochaid son of Áed Find son of Domangart son of Domnall Brecc son of Eochaid Buide son of Áedán son of Gabrán son of Domangart son of Fergus Mór ...[7] Source
Which means that this lineage is not just the Sigvaldasons, but all connected to Þóra Magnúsdótti, which is most of our family (4 branches?). If connected to Pora, here is your 43rd of 44th GGF!

 

dau. Asa - See Halfbone above
(NEW) Harald "The Red Beard" Herbrandsson
, 28th GGF Source
(NEW) Halfdan "the Old" Hringsson
, 34th GGF, (Legendary) More at Wiki
(NEW) Norr Thorrasson
, King Norr Thorrasson In Alfheim, b. Abt. 345 AD, Raumsdal, Norway, 37th GGF
(NEW) Fornjotor
b. 160 AD, Finland, King Fornjotor of Kvenland, 43rd GGF (legendary)

 

Fjölnisson, Sveigðir    100 AD    12th great grandfather of husband of 1st cousin 9x removed of son of 16th great grandmother



Hálfdanarson, Yngvi    20 AD    16th great grandfather of husband of 1st cousin 9x removed of son of 16th great grandmother (Yngvi's were mythical kings).

Find tree to Odin on PC . Now any Genealogist will tell you trees past 1800 are not realiable, yet this is who "our Ancestors" traced back to.

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